; N. grandidentata Michx. Fruit: A reddish purple drupe, 1 inch long and tear shaped, flesh surrounds a deeply grooved pit. Tupelo gum is similar to black gum (Nyssa sylvatica) except its leaves and fruits are larger. Flower: Small, greenish white, usually in hanging clusters, appearing with the leaves. 11. Water tupelo's range reaches far up the Mississippi River to southern Illinois. Species Epithet: aquatica. vol 101, no. In autumn, the foliage reliably becomes a brilliant scarlet-red. long, 2 to 4 in. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. Fruit: A reddish purple drupe, 1 inch long and tear shaped, flesh surrounds a deeply grooved pit. It is a tall tree (up to 100') with a long straight trunk that is swollen at the base; Water Tupelo is a frequent associate of Bald Cypress ( Taxodium distichum ). C Nyssa aquatica is more of a coastal plain and southern Mississippi River Valley species than N. sylvatica, generally being adapted to … Key to Nyssa in North Carolina 1. Leaves. This … Louisiana Plant ID is an online resource for images and descrptions of Louisiana plants and ecosystems. Circumference was measured below burl where it was least. Water Tupelo (Nyssa aquatica) American Forests National Tree Register, Species: Water Tupelo (Nyssa aquatica), State: VA. Range may be expanded by planting. – This species, confined to southern S. Carolina, Georgia, and Florida, has more than once been introduced to Kew but has never become established and is very probably tender. In the APG IV system, it is placed in Nyssaceae. The picture below is from March 25th 2017, when the Water Tupelo was starting to leaf … long. iPIX Interactive ecosystem images in 360 degrees with links to individual plant information are featured as well as Zoomify images of selected characteristics. - Water tupelo grows in low, wet flats or sloughs, in deep swamps and often in standing water. In such situations the trunk becomes remarkably swollen at the base. long. Nyssa ogeche is a native tree which reaches 50 feet in height and is pyramidal when young, maturing to a spreading, flat-topped crown. The closely related water tupelo (Nyssa aquatica) is a tree most often seen growing in standing water in swamps and bottomlands in the lower Mississippi valley and southeastern U.S. coastal areas, either in pure stands or in combination with bald cypress, water oaks and swamp cottonwoods. Synonyms: N. uniflora Wangenh. For copyright and licence information, see the Licence page. The state has a high overstory canopy cover (75 to 95 percent) of bald cypress with planertree (Planera aquatica) and water tupelo (Nyssa aquatica) occurring occasionally. Images are provided in galleries and are available by common name, scientific name, family, ecosystem, and wetland indicator status. Water Tupelo (Nyssa aquatica) (pilens/123rf.com) The water tupelo is an aquatic tree with an open crown of large, shiny leaves and a straight trunk with a swollen base. Lower branches droop with age and will need to b… Fall Color - A tree up to 100 ft high in the wild; young stems downy at first, later glabrous except at the tips and reddish brown. Larvae have Twig: Stout, yellow-brown to red-brown, large heart-shaped leaf scar, buds small, pith diaphragmed, spur shoots common. aquatica has a buttressed and swollen trunk base and grows in swamps. Nyssa sylvatica, commonly known as tupelo, black tupelo, black gum or sour gum, is a medium-sized deciduous tree native to eastern North America from the coastal Northeastern United States and southern Ontario south to central Florida and eastern Texas, as well as Mexico. It grows mainly in swampy ground which is inundated except in summer, often to a depth of 6 ft. Short-leaf pine (Pinus echinata) is a dominant species in large areas of the Interior Highlands (Ozark and Ouachita mountains) ... (Nyssa aquatica) and/or bald-cypress (Taxodium distichum), both of which can withstand nearly permanent water once they are established. Landscape Architecture. (2002) p … Download the full-size PDF map. Nyssa sylvatica var. Nyssa sylvatica var. Leaves oblong-ovate or elliptic, acute or acuminate at the apex, 4 to 7 in. But the shape of the crown varies from tree to tree and, unfortunately, this is looked upon by some architects as undesirable. long, 2 to 4 in. USDA Plants Database - The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. This species is native to the Chicago region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research. Form: Large tree to 100 feet, several feet in diameter, clear trunk which is typically swolen at base, roots often grow out of soil. It is sometimes included in the subfamily Nyssoideae of the dogwood family, Cornaceae, but is placed by other authorities in the family Nyssaceae. This long-lived tree has a swollen base that tapers to a long, slender, clear bole. The water tupelo is a large tree, often more than 100 feet in height, 3-4 feet in diameter. It has a swollen base, large hanging fruit, and brittle twigs that distinguish it from the Blackgum. wide, entire or quite often angular-toothed, dark green above, undersurface paler, finely downy at first, sometimes glabrous later; leaf-stalks up to 21⁄2 in. water tupelo Cornaceae Nyssa aquatica L. symbol: NYAQ2 Leaf: Alternate, simple, pinnately veined, 4 to 8 inches long, oblong to obovate, entire margin but may have a few large teeth. Interpreting Wetland Status. Black tupelo is a hardwood tree which grows to 75 feet tall, has a medium growth rate, pyramidal shape with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. Plant Uses. Nyssa aquatica water tupelo, tupelogum Habit. Common names include sourgum, black tupelo, black gum, and pepperidge. (2011) p 64 Parts Shown: Habit Photo. Description The tree has a huge burl on its lower trunk but appears healthy otherwise. long, purple, with a thin flesh, borne on slender stalks; stone deeply and sharply ridged. External Links: aquatica have leaves which have longer acuminate ti ps, more toothed margins, and are larger, 5 O to 10O long, than those of N. sylvatica. Fruits ellipsoid, about 1 in. Scientific Name: Nyssa aquatica [=Nyssa uniflora] Genus: Nyssa. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. It is used in furniture, veneer, pulpwood, railway ties, and slack cooperage. It is hardy to zone (UK) 3. Flower: Small, greenish white, usually in hanging clusters, appearing with the leaves. Leaf Photo. The multiple, irregular branches emerge from a trunk covered with dark brown or grey, ridged bark, and the base of the tree often develops swollen buttress-type roots as it … ; N. tomentosa Michx. Nyssa sylvatica, Black Tupelo leaves and unripe fruits (Photo By: Richard Webb / bugwood.org) Black Tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica), also called black gum tree is a North Eastern American native tree producing edible fruit in the fall. aquatica has a buttressed and swollen trunk base and grows in swamps. Recommended citation'Nyssa aquatica' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online (treesandshrubsonline.org/articles/nyssa/nyssa-aquatica/). stryraciflua) and tupelo (Nyssa uniflora = Nyssa aquatica) trees gtowing in lowJying swampy areas. USDAFS Silvics of North America - This is just a variable growth form, not a different variety. Another species, Nyssa aquatica (Water Tupelo), prefers swamps with standing water and areas along major rivers that are frequently flooded. Basal areas usually range from 90 to 110 square feet per acre, but can be difficult to judge because of … sylvatica grows on moist sites; var. water tupelo Cornaceae Nyssa Nyssa Sylvatica is a deciduous Tree growing to 15 m (49ft) by 12 m (39ft) at a medium rate. Common Name: Water Tupelo, Tupelo Gum, Cotton Gum, Large Tupelo, Water Gum There are no related plants for species Nyssa aquatica. There are currently no active references in this article. The common name of tupelo is from a … Genus name comes from Nysa or Nyssa, one of the water nymphs. USDAFS Forest Products Lab N. ogeche Marsh. Female flowers solitary. Leaf: Alternate, simple, pinnately veined, 4 to 8 inches long, oblong to obovate, entire margin but may have a few large teeth. The species has not been reported from the Appa-lachian mountain range, but extends north to Ohio (Darsie and Ward 1981), Indiana (Siverly 1961), and southwestern Michigan (Copeland 1986) in the western portion of its distribution. Nyssa bicolor is very similar and often confused with Nyssa sylvatica. The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Trees. Water tupelo's range reaches far up the Mississippi River to southern Illinois. Nyssa aquatica. Deciduous tree with broad, simple leaves; fruits are dark blue drupes. It has a strongly buttressed base, a tapering bole, and a narrow, oblong crown composed of small spreading branches. This plant has no children Legal Status. - Ogeechee tupelo Landowner Factsheet Looks like: swamp tupelo Sourgum has large, glossy, alternating, ovate leaves, broader towards the tip. The colors of the leaves of the Water Tupelo (Sour Gum) Tree are beautifully colored and are sure to catch your eye. The dark green glossy summer foliage takes center stage in fall when the leaves turn bright scarlet. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. As the tree grows to 10 and 15-years-old, crown form becomes more uniform among trees. Water Tupelo (Nyssa aquatica) This champion Water Tupelo of Arkansas made its debut on the National Register of Champion Trees in 2020. In the absence of flower or fruit this species can easily be distinguished from N. sylvatica by its winter-wood, its lateral buds being very small and roundish, but conspicuous and ovoid in N. sylvatica. Although not a top quality timber tree, it is used for making crates and pallets. Mitchell, Alan. The wood is light, soft, and close-grained, but not strong. Specific epithet means water in reference to areas where the trees frequently grow. Wetland Status. Nyssa aquatica, or Water Tupelo, is a native, large, long-lived deciduous tree in the tupelo genus that inhabits deep river or coastal swamps in the Southeastern United States that are usually flooded most of the year. Low salt tolerance. Bark: Brownish gray, scaly ridges or even blocky (somewhat variable). Leaves sometimes have a few large teeth, which can make them look a bit like those of the related Water Tupelo (Nyssa aquatica) of swamp forests in the Coastal Plain. sylvatica grows on moist sites; var. It is remarkable for its red fruits, which are pleasantly flavoured and have been used as a substitute for limes – hence the popular name ‘ogeechee lime’. The nectar from the flowers makes a fine honey and wildlife eat the seeds produced in fall and winter. Leaves are simple, alternate, and deciduous. aquatica L. symbol: NYAQ2 Nyssa sylvatica is a small or medium sized, broadly columnar, deciduous tree grown for its fantastic autumn colour which is native to parts of North America and Canada. (1987) p 109 Parts Shown: Seed, Fruit, Bark, Leaf Art. Black Tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica): Nyssa sylvatica is a beautiful shade tree native in all but the coldest parts of the eastern United States. Water Tupelo Nyssa aquatica. Tupelo / ˈtuːpɪloʊ /, genus Nyssa / ˈnɪsə /, is a small genus of deciduous trees with alternate, simple leaves. Female flowers solitary. N. candicans Michx. Nyssa aquatica is native to North America. More Information: Water Tupelo (early July 2020) Water Tupelo (June 2019) We planted this tiny twig of a tree from a 1 gallon pot sent by mail from Nearly Native Nursery in Georgia, in April 2014. All material © 2021 Virginia Tech Dept. Leaves oblong-ovate or elliptic, acute or acuminate at the apex, 4 to 7 in. To contact the editors: info@treesandshrubsonline.org. The dark green leaves turn vivid shades of yellow, orange or red before falling, making it an excellent tree for autumn colour. Nyssa aquatica L. – water tupelo Subordinate Taxa. Leaf blades often with a few irregular teeth typically located near the widest part of the blade, blades to 30 cm long and 15 cm wide, at least the larger on a tree normally > 8 cm wide, petioles of mature leaves 3-6 cm long... N. aquatica (Water tupelo) A native of the south-eastern USA, in the coastal plain and the lower reaches of the Mississippi, said to attain its best development in Louisiana and E. Texas; cultivated by Peter Collinson in 1735, but very uncommon in Britain. - blackgum wide, entire or quite often angular-toothed, dark green above, undersurface paler, finely downy at first, sometimes glabrous later; leaf-stalks up to 2 1 ⁄ 2 in. A site produced by the International Dendrology Society. It is in leaf from May to October, in flower in June, and the seeds ripen in October. It is deciduous and starts very symmetrical with a pyramidal shape, but ages to an irregular form. Water tupelo or Nyssa aquatica is a wetland tree living mostly along the coastal plain from Texas to Virginia. of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation; Photos and text by: John Seiler, Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera, and John Peterson; Silvics reprinted from Ag Handbook 654; range map source information. 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