Phone: He is fully saturated with its spirited and Biblical phrases which came to him without any effort. Thoughts are not developed by the author in a steady order and hence we notice an inherent diffusive­ness in his style. In, this long sentence, the only words which are not monosyllabic are ‘body’ and ‘degradation’. In the words of, , “It is a type of clearness, wit, eloquence, versatility and passion.” It can be simple, and sublime, complex and grand, persuasive, expository, sarcastic or ironical. ( Log Out /  Ruskin was the only child of a wealthy London wine merchant and his wife. ", There were brilliant essayists on religion such as keble , Pusey and Newman . Facts-are put forth in the most vigorous and convincing manner. From an early age he was dominated by his mother, a devout Puritan and strict disciplinarian who was responsible for … Website: Ruskin’s irony is incisive but not malicious like that of Swift. Living in an age, when grand style was popular, he made his contribution to English prose without indulging in “Lylyan antitheses and similes or Johnsonian parellelism and balance.” Language is a flexible instrument in his hand and he bends it to many uses—argu­ment, pictorial description, eulogy, invective, persuasion, passionate appeal. (English) , D. Christian Justice then becomes the butt of the author’s irony : “Christian Justice has been strongly mute and seemingly blind; and, if not blind, decrepit, this many a day; she keeps her accounts still, however—quite steadily–doing them at nights, carefully, with her bandage off, and through acutest spectacles.” There is again irony in the following words from the lecture on Traf, “But your railroad mounds, prolonged masses or Acropolis, your railroad stations, vaster than the Parthenon and innumerable ; your chimneys, now much more mighty and costly than cathedral spires.” Like irony, the other powerful instrument with Ruskin is satire. He studied painting, and became a graceful and accurate draftsman, but he early transferred his main energies from the production to the criticism and teaching of art. In August of 1848, John Ruskin and his new bride visited northern France, for the gifted young critic wished to write a work that would examine the essence of Gothic architecture. John Ruskin (8 February 1819 – 20 January 1900) was the leading English art critic of the Victorian era, as well as an art patron, draughtsman, watercolourist, philosopher, prominent social thinker and philanthropist.He wrote on subjects as varied as geology, architecture, myth, ornithology, literature, education, botany and political economy. Sixty seems to be modest estimate. Such lengthy sentences remind us of, the Sanskrit author. It must preserve the purity of the materials it uses; and it must serve as a source of power and renewal for the society that produces it. In these circumstances the critic was obliged to create in words an effective sensory and emotional substitute for visual experience. His main aim is to uplift his audience be- yond the cruelty and social injustice of his time to loftier vistas of perception and ethics. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. ( Log Out /  Ruskin occupies a prominent place in the history of English prose. Sometimes his constructions are complicated. Chief Critical Approaches of Dr. Johnson are: Johnson tried teaching and later organized a school in Lichfield. ( Log Out /  Ruskin’s style exhibits the author’s wonderful descriptive power, unequalled anywhere else in English prose. In the Victorian era, grand style and grand language in prose and poetry were widely used. E ighteenth-century writer Samuel Johnson ((1709-1784) is one of the most significant figures in English literature. John Ruskin’s masterly prose begins by deploring the onset of the industrial revolu-tion and the malignance of free-enterprise. Greatest Victorian art critic. D r. West conducted an extensive research and experiments on the problems of teaching English as a foreign language in India . Both developed aesthetic theories shaped in part by their philosophies. While his personal life has titillated some 21st-century film-goers, his genius has influenced the more serious-minded for more than a century. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. But in the later style and especially in his socio-economic writings, the sentences are simpler and they are not so overloaded with ornament as in. He argues that a carpenter can make no more than an imitation of the reality, and the bed he makes is once removed from the truth. However Lipkin does report John Ruskin stating that sex ‘spoils’ a woman and that procreation is ‘bestial’. It is correct that he read Pope, Hooker and Dr. Johnson quite carefully but he maintains his unique individuality in forming his style. “You knock a man into a ditch and then you tell him to remain content in the position in which providence has placed him. mill and Herbert Spencer , too , Perhaps no discussions of Victorian prose is complete without that of Arnold . John Ruskin (1819 –1900) was an English art critic and social thinker, also remembered as a poet and artist. "Dear Readers/ Students, I am a huge fan of books, English Grammar & Literature. In like manner the poet too creates only a copy of a copy, An English Teacher; M. It is written in the most luminous style which even the nineteenth century, that great age of English prose, can show. The writer shows the mastery of sound, colour and motion of words. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Ed., UGC- NET Qualified They should have sympathy with the poor little crossing-sweeper. Plato and Aristotle on Poetic Imitation: It was Plato, not Aristotle who invented the term ‘Imitation’. Saintsbury remarks “It is of a piece with the wilful lawlessness and want of self-criticism which distinguish all his work that he too often transgresses the bound­ary between rhythm and metre.” His prose, consequently becomes blank verse. In the last paragraph of this lecture, one will be astonished to find not less than ten of the texts accumulated. As a Literary Artist: As a literary artist, too, Ruskin did not belong to any one particular “school.” His prose was enriched by as various influences as the Bible, Jeremy Taylor, Pope, and Scott. As a child, Ruskin was reserved. He was given his education at home until the age of 12. Drop any query, suggestion or comment here. It is ofinterest to note that he used not one but many kinds of style. Living in an age, when grand style was popular, he made his contribution to English prose without indulging in “Lylyan antitheses and similes or Johnsonian parellelism and balance.” The Concise Cambridge History of English Literat, Dr. Samuel Johnson's Preface to Shakespeare: Points to Remember, Dr. West’s New Method of Teaching English :Its Merits and Demerits, Aristotle’s Theory of ‘Poetic Imitation’: Salient Features of Theory of Imitation and Contrast with those of Plato, History of English Literature ( Short Questions). 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