Borage - Borago officinalis - According to Dioscordes this was the famous nepentha of Homer, which was drunk after battle steeped in wine to bring about complete forgetfulness. Apollo was teasing Cupid about his tiny arrows, and Cupid shot one of love into his heart. Bluebell - Hyacinthus nonscriptus - Flower of grief and mourning. In Hinduism a form of basil called tulsi is worshipped as a goddess for its medicinal value since the Vedic times. The word, narcissism, meaning to love oneself comes from this myth. Some of their children were: Apollo, god of the sun, music and medicine; his twin Diana, goddess of the hunt; Hercules, man of strength; Neptune or Poseidon, god of the ocean; and Minerva goddess of crafting and wisdom (she and the Three Graces wove all the clothes and sails for the gods). Medicinally it is a stimulant, carmative and antispasmodic. They had nymphs, titans, Cyclops and a most wily and terrible son, Cronus (or Saturn) who overthrew his father Uranus. Minerva, the goddess of knowledge is also associated with this herb. In Hinduism a form of basil called tulsi is worshipped as a goddess for its medicinal value since the Vedic times. Scorpions were also associated with basil and it was thought that eating too much basil would breed scorpions in the brain. Winter savory is a perennial and summer savory is an annual. "To smell of thyme" was an expression of praise. CosmicJon on November 19, 2015: Excellent article, simple and to the point. He took Rhea for his wife and they had many children that Cronus devoured because it had been prophesied one would overthrow him. Adonis was a beautiful young man that Venus fell in love with and went hunting with him. Hercules who was sent on twelve labors and the eleventh was to return with golden apples, these supposedly were quince. Cronus had destroyed his father and threw the body parts into the sea, from which Venus (a.k.a. The mulberry tree was dedicated to Minerva by the Ancients. This exotic spice was loved in ancient Greece, and it continues to be used in much spicy cooking in modern times for its … Let’s get Creative- Herbs, Healing, and Mythology. This herb was dedicated to Persephone, goddess of the underworld, and was used in funeral rites. Named for one of the Three Graces, Euphrosyne who was distinguished for her joy and mirth. by Elizabeth Renter Posted on November 25, 2014. Apollo was stricken with grieve and raised from Hyacinths blood a beautiful purple flower that might evermore exist upon the earth. It was possibly first cultivated in India, where it has been considered a sacred herb associated with love and faithfulness. It was and still is used as a vegetable and also used to aid digestion. Early alchemists believed the dew could transform baser metals into gold. The gods Cupid and Bacchus are also associated with the rose-the sign of pleasure and companion of mirth and wine. June 3, 2020. Hawthorn has many colloquial names such as the May, May thorn, and thorn apple, and it typically produces its white flowers around May 1st. It was called "tears of Isis" in ancient Egypt, and later on "Juno's tears". Homer was a poet around 900 B.C. I will wear your leaves as a crown to remember you." The flowers can be candied or frozen in ice cubes. Hercules went to the divine garden of Hesperides and found the tree guarded by a dragon. Hyacinthus was a charming youth that both Apollo and Zephrus loved. I'm looking for herbs in my acreage and this will help me tremendously. Herbs under the dominion of Venus include ale hoof, amaranthus, anemone, annual rocket cress, apple tree, arrach, barberry, birch tree, blight, bramble or blackberry, bugle, burdock, carnation, catmint, cherry tree, coltsfoot, common alder tree, common tansy, columbines, cornel tree, cowslips, crabs claws, crane's bill, cudweed, currants (red, white, black), daisy, elder, figwort, … Venus is often depicted with a quince in her right hand. THE MEANING OF HERBS will make a nice party favor, thank-you gift, or a small present for a friend. Cereal is named in honor of Ceres. Most of this study pertains to Greek myths. Prometheus stole fire back in a hollow fennel stem and gave it to man. Myths were told or sung to people at least 5,000 years ago. The Dictionary of Classical Mythology, Grant, Michael. [6], Other examples of sacred herbs include valerian, yarrow, hemp, and mugwort. It is used medicinally as a diuretic and diaphoretic. The Ancients scoured their tables with this herb when preparing for the gods. Dec 21, 2017 - Explore Elizabeth Bailey's board "Mythology: Herbs", followed by 247 people on Pinterest. Mulberry- Morus nigra - Berries were eaten at ancient feasts. Olympus to show the humans below a physical representation of what happiness looks like. It was also used to preserve meat. Sacred to : Helios Mythology : Metamorphosis Klytie. Linseed cakes are used medicinally as a laxative. Even though Greek mythology has been in existence for at least 5,000 years, there are no followers of this ancient religion, even though it has influenced our lives in our language, literature, culture, customs, politics, astronomy, and our calendar. The Ancients used it as the chief ingredient of the famous antidote to poison used by King Mithridates who said to become immuned to poison by taking it in gradual doses. Herbs in Mythology. Elecampane is used medicinally and the roots can be candied and eaten as a sweet. Walnut- Juglans nigea - In the Golden Age" when men lived on acorns the gods lived on walnuts thus the name Jovis glans or Jupiter’s nuts. Walnuts are used for flavoring cakes, cookies and candy. Its name is derived from Mercury, god of skill and dexterity. The wolf that suckled Romulus and Remus rested under a fig tree and therefore was held sacred by the Romans. Pyramus and Thisbe were in love, but were forbade by their parents to marry. Though angelica’s use long predates Christianity, the early Christians associated it with the Archangel Michael, and it is said to bloom most profusely on his saint’s day. Olympus, but on the way she heard Adonis moaning, she returned to him and found him dying from being gored by a wild boar. In 1607, Roger Hacket said, "Speaking of the powers of rosemary, it overtoppeth all the flowers in the garden, boasting man's rule. Verbena or Vervain has long been associated with divine and other supernatural forces. Savory- Winter savory - Satureja montana, Summer savory - S. hortensis - This herb belonged to the satyrs, these were hairy little creatures with short horns, feet of a goat, mischievous and oversexed. with fruits such as strawberries or raisins, or with herbs such as mint. This plant is poisonous if taken internally. It is deadly poison, but is a valuable medicine. Its botanical name derives from one of the Three Fates, Atropos, who cut the thread of life, which pertains to its poison. It produces a blue dye. Bulfinch’s Mythology, Myths of the Greeks and Romans, The Herb Society of America - South Texas Unit. When he left her for another, she wasted away and was transformed into a sun-gazing heliotrope. Some are mentioned in battles, some are seeked by gods, while others are randomly stumbled upon. A leaf in your cornmeal or flour will keep the weevils away. Opthomologists use Atropine to dilate the eyes, and it is used as an antispasmodic.Bittersweet is also a nightshade. Greek mythology says that Daphne, a nymph who rejected the love of Apollo*, was turned into a laurel tree. It was used at both weddings and funerals as it is today. It was an herb known for strengthening the memory and helping the brain. Plants are just the opposite. Vervain flowers are engraved on cimaruta, Italian anti-stregheria charms. The laurel was sacred to Apollo, whose priestesses were said to chew its leaves in order to become oracles. Herbal Myths, Lore, And Legends: Lady’s Mantle (Alchemilla vulgaris) Commonly considered a woman’s herb, the dew of this plant has fascinated various cultures through the ages. It is said that it is an invention of Hecate, goddess of sorcery and witchcraft. Hercules acted as if he didn’t care, but said if only Atlas would hold it while he adjusted his lions skin on his own shoulders, so Atlas agreed, but when Atlas took it back Hercules bid him farewell and left with the apples. It was used in the witches brew and gave a sensation of flying. Aphrodite) was formed. Elecampane- Inula helenium - Wild yellow flower, much like a sunflower -The Ancient writers mention Inula as affording a root used both as a medicine and a condiment. Centaury is used as an antiseptic, astringent and a dye to use on wounds and is a vermifuge. One day she left him in her chariot drawn by swans and started for Mt. in Wales) "Devil's bane". [citation needed], CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, "Herbs: A -Z List: (...The Medicinal, Spiritual and Magical Uses of...)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sacred_herb&oldid=980286863, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 September 2020, at 17:11. Narcissus- Amaryllidaceae - A beautiful youth named Narcissus saw his image in a pool of water and fell in love with it. It is used externally to remove warts, and is used in skin diseases. The kernels contain oil, albumin ,mineral matter, cellulose and water. Moly: a magic herb in Greek mythology with a black root and white blossoms; Raskovnik: a magic plant in Serbian mythology which can open any lock; Vegetable Lamb of Tartary: a mythical plant supposed by medieval thinkers to explain the existence of cotton; Yggdrasil: the World tree of Norse mythology; Hoaxes Garlic is now used as a flavoring for meats, and has medicinal properties that contain antiseptic and antibiotic properties. bolotnik Belarusian balotnik Belarusian: балотнiк Ukrainian bolotyanik. Submitted by Lois Jean Howard, The Herb Society of America, South Texas Unit, Cozart, Jean, Herbs in Greek Mythology, The Herbarist, 1979, Grimal, Pieire. Myrtle– Myrtus communis – The emblem of fertility and purity and therefore used in wedding bouquests. Legend has it that he was shown mistletoe by a serpent in a tomb. They presided over song and prompted the memory. Mentha is derived from the mythological origin ascribed to it. Aconite- Aconitum napellus - Monkshood, Wolf’s Bane - Name derived from Aconae, supposed place of origin. It is also a diuretic. Copyright © The Herb Society of America - South Texas Unit. When Paris was killed Helen returned to Menelaus and through difficulty they returned to Sparta where they lived happily ever after. Jupiter decided he was too powerful and sent him to heaven where he is the constellation Sagittarius. Parsley is widely used as a culinary herb, but it is also used medicinally. He revealed it medicinal virtues. The Ancients used flax seed for bread. Fennel- Foeniculum vulgare - This herb was held in reverance by early man because Prometheus brought fire to man in the hollow stem. To this day bay wreaths are used as a sign of victory and honor to poets and conquers. There is an old saying"Borage is for Courage". Dog's Mercury- Mercurialis perennis (Euphoriaceae) - Disagreeable odor, extremely acrid and poisonous to animals. Artemisia- Artemisia absinthium- Named after Artemis or Diana, goddess of the hunt. Wormwood was the Artemisia of Greek Mythology. They are still called cornflowers in many European countries. He also knew that Atlas, the Titon, who held up the world lived close by, so he went to him and offered to hold up the world if Atlas would go to the tree and bring him some golden apples. Basil is used mainly as a culinary herb. When he died, Hermes transformed him into a saffron flower. I love you so." Thyme - Thymusvulgaris - Thymus comes from the Greek word meaning courage. She had a large arm full of these flowers when Paris stole her from her husband Menelaus that started the Trojan War that lasted ten years. It has mint like flavor and can be used in cooking. Ceres, the goddess of corn, wore a crown of grain interwoven with poppies. Eyebright- Euphrasia officinalis - Euphrasia is of Greek origin meaning gladness. This magnificent herb which is native to Northern Hemisphere of Europe, Asia and North America has been a source of magical procedures in the treatment of various diseases for centuries by the Slavic people. He cured many Greeks with mistletoe. Interestingly enough, Maypoles were said to be made from hawthorn trees (Masé, 2013) which are very fitting as those beautiful flowers pop just in time for May Day and Beltane celebrations. Mulberries can be eaten raw, or made into jams or wine. Medea another sorceress and wife of King Aegeus was jealous of Theseus, the kings son, and tried to destroy him with a drought of aconite, but the king discovered the plot and saved Theseus. Eventually, it also became associated with the fidelity of lovers, and was presented to wedding guests as a gift. I would never claim to be a gardener but over the years, ideas for garden design have come easily. Herbs in Mythology Today I am doing a write up or rather a list of the herbs in mythology.I find it interesting to know people have been using plants and herbs for thousands upon thousands of years.Perhaps one day people in the future people will be writing about the plants and herbs in which we used and the creations that man has made from genetics in our time. Hercules shot him by mistake with a poison arrow and he cured himself with centaury plant. Kvass is especially popular in Russia. He also tried to stop the bleeding wound in his heel, but alas, he died from his wound. Zeus was considered the main god of mythology and he married Juno, but he had other wives and lovers. The Mythology of Mint: A Healing Herb. Bacchus or Dioneyus went to Persephone, goddess of the underworld and offered myrtle to release his mother from death. Her father was the sun god Helios and her mother was, depending on the source, either a naiad or the goddess of magic Hecate.. She is rarely described as a goddess though. Alta is known as the town of the Northern Lights. The old men who were infirmed were given droughts of Aconite. There they killed an ox and Prometheus tricked Zeus and gave him a bag of bones rather than meat. Herb-lore is an art which must be respected, and several herbs can be as equally dangerous as beneficial if not used correctly. "[4] He tells her how it is prepared and used, "Once I've extracted the oil from the seeds, you can rub it into your skin, or add it to a bath. Besides instilling strength, speed and courage (it was the herb of Mars), garlic was thought to posses magical powers against evil. The Norse god Baldr was killed with mistletoe. He became weak and pale and withered and in his place when he died was a beautiful blue flower which preserves the memory of Narcissus to this day. Mar 29, 2017 - Every mythology has them. That being said, here are 5 magical herbs in Slavic mythology which serve us to this day. They emerge from the earth and draw nourishment from it. To the Greeks and Romans quince was sacred. Arachne was a talented weaver and challenged Minerva to a contest. Ceres was so distraught over the loss of her daughter that she let the crops die and Pluto then made a bargain with her to release Persephone for half the year during the growing season. The Ancients fed their chariot horses parsley. Some believed the dew of lady’s mantle would change into diamonds. It is also a bee herb. It is said that it is an invention of Hecate, goddess of sorcery and witchcraft. Though you may have only become recently aware of the healing properties of mint, the plant and its many varieties have been a go-to of herbalism for centuries. When the thirty-first day arrives, take out the root in the middle of the night and dry it in an oven heated with branches of verbena; then wrap it up in a piece of a dead man's winding-sheet and carry it with you everywhere. Mistletoe- Loranthacea – It was considered the "Golden Bough" which opened the world of the dead to Aneas. In the early Christian era, folk legend stated that Common Vervain (V. officinalis) was used to staunch Jesus' wounds after his removal from the cross. Apollo (Greek, Απολλων) was not only revered as god of Medicine but also god of the sun, prophesy, harmony, music, and art. Aphrodite was the goddess of two herbs, oregano and marjoram. Basil Native varieties of basil are found throughout Asia, Africa, and Central and South America. Take it out of the ground on a Monday (the day of the moon), a little time after the vernal equinox. Herbs in Mythology. The genealogy of the mythical characters is interesting, but we will only touch on a few to get us started. He was too fast and started to capture her, she cried to her father the river god Peneus to please save her from Apollo, so her father, who loved her very much turned her into a Laurus nobilis tree. Oregano is maybe the most commonly used herb in Greek Cuisine, in soups, stews, with meat and fish, and of course, no Greek “Horiatiki” salad worth its salt, is without oregano. The love myth pertaining to mulberries is a Romeo and Juliet love story. and was the main recorder of most myths, although there were poets who sang hymns and told stories of the mythological characters some 2,000 years before Homer. Yarrow is used as "hops" in beer, as snuff, and as an antiseptic. The Greeks brought their gods to the Romans, but the Romans had other gods: Pomona, goddess of the fruit; Flora, goddess of flowers; Lucina, goddess of childbirth; and many more. Cut off the ends of the root and bury it at night in some country churchyard in a dead man's grave. Herbs were also considered sacred in European pagan beliefs. When Rhea delivered Zeus she hid him in a cave and gave Cronus stones to devour in lieu of the infant Zeus. Rue- Ruta graveolens - The name comes from reuo (to set free) because it was used to treat many diseases. Yarrow was called the military herb by the Ancients. Thyme was used internally and externally as an antiseptic. Garlic- Allium sativum - Garlic was placed by the Ancients at the crossroads as a supper for the goddess Hecate. We get the words "Achilles tendon " from this incident in mythology. This herb was known to the Ancients because it was an herb the bees loved and honey was loved by the gods. Odysseus used it to keep Circe from turning him into a pig, and Egyptians swore upon it when taking a solemn … There were many gods and goddess born to rein over the earth, sky and Hades. Description : A summer-blooming herb whose flowers turn to face the sun. The basilisk was a large lizard, much like the bearded dragons of today and was thought even a look would kill. One day they were all playing quoits and a stray quoit of Zephrus killed Hyacinthus. One day Prometheus, who was a cousin of Zeus and friend to mankind, met Zeus in a field of poppies. At Herbs of the Gods we've been collecting herbs since 1999, which has led to an unmatched high quality selection. Nightshade- Atropa belladonna -The devil himself, it has been said attends this plant. Pliny the Elder describes verbena presented on Jupiter altars; it is not entirely clear if this referred to a Verbena rather than the general term for prime sacrificial herbs. Aloes : General : Aloes are indigenous to East and South Africa, but have been introduced into the West Indies (where they are extensively cultivated) and into tropical countries, and will even flourish in the countries bordering on the Mediterranean. They were told to explain dreams or reasoning for certain happenings or to understand their gods. Most of this study pertains to Greek myths. Filled with somewhat amusing and interesting anectdotes about herbs (and bears) as well as lots of pretty drawings, it's sure to send a warm and positive message. The generic name is the ancient Roman term for sacrificial herbs considered very powerful. The gods had fields of mint for bees to use to make honey. She was grief stricken and as he lay dying she said "My Adonis, my grief shall endure, but your blood shall be changed into a beautiful flower." Parsley- Petroselinum crispum - It is said to have sprung from the blood of the Greek hero Archemorus, the forerunner of death. Went to the Ancients, some are mentioned in battles, some are seeked by gods, while are. The Vedic times into jams or wine, other examples of sacred herbs valerian! Plants widely used in funeral rites exist upon the earth Laurel- Laurus nobilis - of! Posted on November 19, 2015: Excellent article, simple and to sweets! 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