The documentary film of the Ghasabe Qanat of Gonabad (70 minutes movie) illustrates the engineering potential of Iranian diggers to dig aqueducts throughout history, explaining its importance. It will enhance any encyclopedic page you visit with the magic of the WIKI 2 technology. Would you like Wikipedia to always look as professional and up-to-date? It is located at Gonabad, Razavi Khorasan Province, Iran and contains 427 water wells with a total length of 33,113 meters. The Ghasabe Qanats of Gonabad ( Persian: قنات قصبه گناباد), also called Kariz Kai Khosrow, is one of the world's oldest and largest networks of qanats (underground aqueducts). The story of the Ghasabe aqueduct in water supply in desert conditions is illustrated in this movie. more. If you go to Gonabad, Visit Saffron farms and museum, Jaameh Masque and. Qanat is one of the most incredible things in the world. The Arabsâ supportive policy on qanats was so successful that even the holy city of Mecca gained a qanat. Thank you for helping build the largest language community on the internet. The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. Qasabeh Qanat, Gonabad: See 6 reviews, articles, and 14 photos of Qasabeh Qanat on Tripadvisor. As an instance, M. Lombard reports that the Moslem clerics who lived during the Abbasid period, such as Abooyoosef Yaâqoob (died 798 AD) stipulated that whoever can bring water to the idle lands in order to cultivate, his tax would be waived and he would be entitled to the lands cultivated. The most reliable document confirming the existence of qanats at this time was written by Polybius, who states that: âthe streams are running down from everywhere at the base of Alborz mountain, and people have transferred too much water from a long distance through some subterranean canals by spending much cost and laborâ. Qasbah Qanats of Gonabad is listed as UNESCO World hetitage site. The statistics related to 14,778 qanats estimates the overall discharge of these qanats to be 6.2 billion cubic meters per year between the years 1972 and 1973. On the other hand, the peasants could not come up with the money to maintain the qanats, so many qanats were gradually abandoned. Définitions de Gonabad, synonymes, antonymes, dérivés de Gonabad, dictionnaire analogique de Gonabad (français) ... اینترنتی مرکز آمار ایران •↑ UNESCO , Qanats of Gonabad •↑ گناپا ، … Ten years later, in 2002â2003, the number of qanats was reported as 33,691 with a total discharge of 8 billion cubic meters. Later, in the 11th century, a writer named Nasir Khosrow acknowledged all those qanats with the following words: âNeyshaboor is located in a vast plain at a distance of 40 Farsang (~240 km) from Serakhs and 70 Farsang (~420 km) from Mary (Marv) ... all the qanats of this city run underground, and it is said that an Arab who was offended by the people of Neyshaboor has complained that; what a beautiful city Neyshaboor could have become if its qanats would have flowed on the ground surface and instead its people would have been undergroundâ. Qanat- e Zibad- Gonabad water clock. The peasants were not entitled to the lands they worked on, but were considered only as the users of the lands. So the rest of the qanats had a better chance to survive. is one of the most important and historic qanats in Iran Plateau which has had a vital role in the development of a qanat base civilization in the region and in the whole world. By documenting the aqueduct of the Ghasabe Qanat, it has been attempted to illustrate the potential of the Gonabad excavation and its continued importance throughout history. One of Iranian’s honors is invention of Qanats and of one Iranian’s honors in Qanats is Qasabeh Qanat in Gonabad which is also called Keikhosro flume. The … In 1959 a reforme program named as the White Revolution was declared by the former Shah. The water drains by gravity, with the destination lower than the source, which is typically an upland aquifer. Some of the longest and oldest Qanats of the world are located in Gonabad. USA vs Iran_ U.S. Navy ship fires warning shots at Iranian boat in tense Persian Alors ce système s’appelle Qanat et c’est sûrement l’une des attractions que vous aimerez visiter lors de votre séjour en Iran. Qasabe Qanats of Gonabad . Qanats of Gonabad In Ghasabe kariz in gonabad, also called kariz Kai Khosrow is one of the worlds oldest and largest network of kariz. To install click the Add extension button. There are some records dating back to that time, signifying their concern about the legal vicinity of qanats. Experience and feel magnificent ancient history, Ghasabe Qanats of Gonabad is the oldest and largest qanat in the world built between 700 BC to 500 BC. At that time most of the qanats belonged to landlords. Its antiquity, construction method, management system and structural techniques are some of these features. It was an Achaemenid ruling that in case someone succeeded in constructing a qanat and bringing groundwater to the surface in order to cultivate land, or in renovating an abandoned qanat, the tax he was supposed to pay the government would be waived not only for him but also for his successors for up to five generations. The introduction of modern devices, that made it possible to drill many deep wells and extract groundwater much more quickly, accelerated the qanatsâ destruction. Sign in to disable ALL ads. But the qanats stayed intact, because the economic infrastructure was of great importance to the Arabs. In this book, Seyyed Rokn al-Din names the properties he donated in the region of Yazd. Qanats are constructed as a series of well-like vertical shafts, connected by gently sloping tunnels. In fact it was Ursa, the king of the region, who had rescued the people from thirst and turned Uhlu into a prosperous and green land.  The government proceeded to repair or dredge the qanats that were abandoned or destroyed for any reason, and construct new qanats if necessary. In Iran, the advent of Islam, which coincided with the overthrow of the Sassanid dynasty, brought about a profound change in religious, political, social and cultural structures. This qanat consists of two main branches: Qasbah and Doulab. 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