The real King Ecgbert was King of Wessex from 802 until his death in 839. Ecgberht, also spelled Egbert, Ecgbert, or Ecgbriht, was King of Wessex from 802 until his death in 839. Aella was born in 824, and was the grandson of Earl Oswald of Lothian.Aella became the king of Northumbria after the deposition of King Osberht of Northumbria, and he seized Billingham, Ileclif, Wigeclif, and … [29] Unlike most charters, which were in Latin, this one is in Old English, and historians disagree whether this reflects a trend towards greater use of the vernacular as better suited to recording legal documents or support for Alfred's later claim that knowledge of Latin had declined disastrously when he came to the throne in 871. [2] In the same year Ecgberht sent his son Æthelwulf to conquer the Mercian sub-kingdom of Kent (the area of the modern county plus Essex, Surrey and Sussex) and appointed him sub-king. [3] In 835 the Isle of Sheppey was ravaged by Vikings and in the following year they defeated Ecgberht at Carhampton in Somerset, but in 838 he was victorious over an alliance of Cornishmen and Vikings at the Battle of Hingston Down, reducing Cornwall to the status of a client kingdom. [3] In 850 Æthelstan defeated a Danish fleet off Sandwich in the first recorded naval battle in English history. William of Malmesbury records that King Ecgberht died "after a reign of thirty-seven years" and was buried at Winchester. In the 780s Egbert was forced into exile by Offa of Mercia and Beorhtric of Wessex, but on Beorhtric's death in 802 Egbert returned and took the throne. The king puts the monk in charge of his treasury of ancient Roman relics and documents left over from Rome's domination of Britain centuries prior. Egbert was unable to maintain this dominant position, and within a year Wiglaf regained the throne of Mercia. Æthelberht had one sister, Æthelswith, who married King Burgred of Mercia in 853. [a] Æthelstan died in the early 850s, but the four younger brothers were successively kings of Wessex: Æthelbald from 855 to 860,[b] Æthelberht from 860 to 865, Æthelred I from 865 to 871 and Alfred the Great from 871 to 899. Athelstan is tasked with interpreting and preserving the many scrolls of Roman parchment. He was born on January 01, 0769 (died on January 01, 0839, he was 70 years old) . General Notes: ~Weis' Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700, 8th Edition, 1:12, King of Wessex 802-27 and the first king of all England 837-36, son of Ealhmund, King of Kent. According to Asser, Æthelwulf was assigned the "eastern districts", and most historians assume that Æthelbald kept Wessex while Æthelberht gave up Kent to his father;[14] some others believe that Wessex itself was divided, with Æthelbald ruling the west and Æthelwulf the east, and Æthelberht retaining Kent. [20], Æthelberht appears to have made significant changes in personnel as a Kentish charter of 858 (S 328) was witnessed by twenty-one thegns, out of whom fourteen did not witness a surviving charter of his father. Aella of Northumbria (824-867) was the king of Northumbria from 863 to 867, succeeding Osberht of Northumbria and preceding Ecgberht I of Northumbria.. [1], At the beginning of the ninth century, England was almost wholly under the control of the Anglo-Saxons. Smyth argues that this reflected an agenda by Alfred's propagandists to play down the achievements of his brothers to enhance the reputation of Alfred himself. read more. The son of Ealhmund, king in Kent in 784 and 786, Egbert was a member of a family … But in the ninth and tenth centuries descent from Cerdic was no longer sufficient to make a man an ætheling: Ecgberht's line controlled the kingdom and all kings were sons of kings. Egbert of Wessex (also spelled Ecgberht, Ecgbert or Ecgbriht; 769 or 771 – 839) was King of Wessex from 802 until his death in 839. Son of Ealhmund, Under King Of Kent [26] He appears to have been on good terms with his younger brothers and in a charter of 861 (S 330) he granted land to St Augustine's, Canterbury, in return for the abbot's continuing loyalty to him, Æthelred, and Alfred. Ecgberht of Northumbria was the son of King Aelle. Egbert married Redburge de Herstal in 805, at age 21 at marriage place . 725'),725), son of Ecgberht, nephew of Hlothhere and brother of Eadric, came to the Kentish throne in 690 after the period of anarchy which followed the death of the latter king. Ecgberht sought refuge at the Frankish court until [792]. His father was Ealhmund of Kent. In 830, King Egbert’s influence waned and Wiglaf rose to power in Mercia and took back their independence from Wessex rule. He married Rædburh of Francia in Wessex. [35], Æthelberht died of unknown causes in the autumn of 865. None of these events has any historical basis but the seamless succession of Aethelwulf, with the suppo… Some historians believe that the three brothers agreed that each would succeed to the throne in turn. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle records that Ecgberht died in 839. Before reaching Egbert, the crown adorned the heads of Cynewulf and Beothric, whose rule began after the murder of Cynewulf in AD 786. [34] There was a considerable increase in the number of moneyers: twelve struck Inscribed Cross coins in Æthelwulf's reign and fifty in Æthelberht's. Born the son of Ealhmund, Sub-king of Kent. Little is known of the first 20 years of Egbert's reign, but it is thought that he was able to maintain Wessex's independence against the kingdom of Mercia, which at that time dominated the other southern English kingdoms. [6] In 851 Æthelwulf and his second son Æthelbald defeated the Vikings at the Battle of Aclea and, according to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, "there made the greatest slaughter of a heathen raiding-army that we have heard tell of up to this present day, and there took the victory". They were the parents of at least 1 son and 1 daughter. [8], Æthelberht was the third of five sons of Æthelwulf and his first wife Osburh, who died around 855. [22][c] The lack of coins in the name of Æthelbald is evidence that he did not have any status of overlordship over Æthelberht. The real King Ecgbert was King of Wessex from 802 until his death in 839. Probably in the autumn of 864, another Viking army camped on Thanet and were promised money in return for peace, but they broke their promise and ravaged eastern Kent. In 860 a Viking army sailed from the Somme to England and sacked Winchester, but they were then defeated by the men of Hampshire and Berkshire. Æthelberht may have surrendered his position to his father when he returned from pilgrim… Egbert (also spelt Ecgberht) (c. 775 –839) was King of Wessex from 802 until 839. [13] In 856, Æthelwulf returned to England with a new wife, Judith, daughter of Charles the Bald, king of the West Franks. Alternative Titles: Ecgberht, Ecgbryht. [25], According to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, Æthelberht reigned "in good harmony and in great peace" and "in peace, love and honour". 0 In 825 Beornwulf was defeated by Ecgberht , king of Wessex, and in the same year he was overthrown and slain by the East Angles. [43], This article is about the King of Wessex. His father was Ealhmund of Kent. His father was Ealhmund of Kent. When Æthelberht's grandfather Ecgberht became king of Wessex in 802, it must have seemed very unlikely to contemporaries that he would establish a lasting dynasty. Æthelberht died in the autumn of 865 and was buried next to his brother Æthelbald at Sherborne Abbey in Dorset. When Æthelbald died in 860, Æthelberht united both their territories under his rule. Egbert of Wessex (also spelled Ecgberht, Ecgbert or Ecgbriht; 769 or 771 – 839) was King of Wessex from 802 until his death in 839. However, a charter of Æthelberht dated December 863 (S 333) is attested by Æthelred and Alfred as filius regis (king's son). Age 18. Egbert Ecgberht III "The Great" Overlord of England King of Wessex was born in 784, at birth place. In 825 Egbert defeated Beornwulf of Mercia and ended Mercia's supremacy at the Battle of Ellandun, and proceeded to take control of the Mercian dependencies in southeastern England. Æthelberht ([ˈæðelbeo̯rˠxt]; also spelled Ethelbert or Aethelberht) was the King of Wessex from 860 until his death in 865. He was originally buried at Old Minster, Winchester, bones now at Winchester Cathedral. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle records that he ravaged the Britons of Dumnonia (Cornwall) 815. [4] He died in 839 and was succeeded by Æthelwulf,[3] who appointed his eldest son Æthelstan as sub-king of Kent. He did not appoint a sub-king and Wessex and Kent were fully united for the first time. view all Ecgberht's Timeline. Ecgberht, also spelled Egbert, Ecgbert, or Ecgbriht, was King of Wessex from 802 until his death in 839.His father was Ealhmund of Kent. Birth of Ecgberht. the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia. If this is correct, it is assumed that Ecgberht was the son of King Æthelred´s "wife" Ælflæd, although he is not specifically named by Florence of Worcester as one of her children. His current state is unknown, but is presumed dead along with the rest of his family. [5], Viking raids increased in the early 840s on both sides of the English Channel, and in 843 Æthelwulf was defeated by the companies of 35 Danish ships at Carhampton. When Egbert died in 839, Æthelwulf succeeded him; the southeastern kingdoms were finally absorbed into the kingdom of Wessex after Æthelwulf's death in 858. These attacks were minor compared with events after Æthelberht's death, when the Vikings almost conquered England. Sovereigns, Royalty and Nobility, http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/ENGLAND,%20AngloSaxon%20&%20Danish%20Kings.htm#EcgberhtWessexB, http://faculty.history.wisc.edu/sommerville/123/123%207%20anglo-saxons%20v.htm, http://www.royal.gov.uk/output/Page16.asp, http://www.earlybritishkingdoms.com/adversaries/kingdoms/802.html, Death of Egbert, king of Wessex at Wessex, England, "Egbert", "Ecgberht", "Ecgbert", "Ecgbriht;". Most historians describe Osburh as the mother of all Æthelwulf's children, but some scholars have argued that in view of the large age gap between older and younger ones, Osburh may only have been the mother of Æthelred and Alfred, while Æthelberht and his older brothers were born to an unrecorded earlier wife. In the 780s Egbert was forced into exile by Offa of Mercia and Beorhtric of Wessex, but on Beorhtric's death in 802 Egbert returned and took the throne. In the 780s Egbert was forced into exile by Offa of Mercia and Beorhtric of Wessex, but on Beorhtric's death in 802 Egbert returned and took the throne. For other people called Æthelberht, see, Æthelberht in the early fourteenth-century. There was also increasing standardisation of design in the coinage, reflecting greater royal control over currency and minting in the middle of the ninth century. Æthelwulf compromised to avoid a civil war, but historians disagree how the kingdom was divided. Æthelberht was first recorded as a witness to a charter in 854. He was the third son of King Æthelwulf by his first wife, Osburh. In 829 Egbert defeated Wiglaf of Mercia and drove him out of his kingdom, temporarily ruling Mercia directly. [21] The charter is regarded by historians as important because it clarifies the obligations of folkland. Having saved Athelstan from a cross - the monk having been crucified for apostasy - Ecbert regards Athelstan as a kindred spirit, and one versed in Latin. He was the son of a Kentish noble but claimed descent from Cerdic (reigned 519-34), founder of Wessex, the kingdom of the West Saxons in southern England. This made Ecgberht an ætheling – a prince who had a legitimate claim to the throne. Æthelwulf and Ecgberht may not have intended a permanent union between Wessex and Kent as they both appointed sons as sub-kings and charters in Wessex were attested (witnessed) by West Saxon magnates, while Kentish charters were witnessed by the Kentish elite; both kings kept overall control and the sub-kings were not allowed to issue their own coinage. [12] In the following year Æthelwulf went on pilgrimage to Rome after appointing his eldest surviving son, Æthelbald, under-king of Wessex and Æthelberht under-king of Kent, Essex, Sussex and Surrey, appointments which suggest that his sons were to succeed to the separate kingdoms whether or not he returned to England. Wessex. "[40] Asser's view was followed by post-Conquest historians. A Kentish charter issued in the first year of his reign (S 327) was the first to include a full complement both of West Saxon and Kentish attesters, although he then returned to locally attested charters.[24]. His father was Ealhmund of Kent. His nickname was Ecgberht (alternate spelling). His father was Ealhmund of Kent.In the 780s Ecgberht was forced into exile by Offa of Mercia and Beorhtric of Wessex, but on Beorhtric's death in 802 Ecgberht returned and took the throne. This victory gave Ecgberht control of the London Mint, and he issued coins as King of Mercia. Egbert was a warrior King of Wessex who managed briefly to dominate the other kingdoms between 802-839 when he died. In 858 Æthelbald issued a charter (S 1274) relating to land in Surrey, and thus in his brother's territory, and a charter he issued in 860 (S 326) was witnessed by Æthelberht and Judith. Geni requires JavaScript! Æthelred and Alfred may have been intended to succeed in Wessex, but they were too young as the preference was for adults as kings, especially when Wessex was under threat from the Vikings. The following year Æthelwulf went on pilgrimage to Rome and appointed his oldest surviving son, Æthelbald, as king of Wessex while Æthelberht became king of the recently conquered territory of Kent. In the 780s Ecgberht was forced into exile by Offa of Mercia and Beorhtric of Wessex, but on Beorhtric's death in 802 Ecgberht returned and took the throne. Winchester, Hampshire, England, United Kingdom, Buried in Winchester Cathedral, Hampshire, Who's Buried Where in Britain? [39], According to Asser, who based his account of events before 887 mainly on the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle: "So after governing in peace, love and honour for five years, Æthelberht went the way of all flesh, to the great sorrow of his people; and he lies buried honourably beside his brother, at Sherborne. [28] Æthelberht granted immunity from royal and judicial services to Sherborne church in honour of the souls of his father Æthelwulf and his brother Æthelbald. He died in 0839, in his hometown, at the age of 64, and was buried in Winchester, Hampshire, England. Egbert was was succeeded on the throne of Wessex by his eldest son Ethelwulf, and was buried at Winchester. Æthelberht attested charters as dux (ealdorman) in 854 and king in 855. His father was Ealhmund of Kent. Æthelbald, with the support of Eahlstan, Bishop of Sherborne, and Eanwulf, Ealdorman of Somerset, refused to give up his kingship of Wessex. The two kingdoms became allies, which was important in the resistance to Viking attacks. This may have been due to a recoinage starting at the end of Æthelwulf's reign and continuing in Æthelberht's, when old coins were called in and melted down to make new ones. When placed in the context of other ninth-century West Saxon charters, this charter seems to reflect an assembly of a kind not previously seen, and a kind of assembly which itself reflected the new arrangements for the unification of Wessex and the south-east. Ecbert was also a close friend of Athelstan (George Blagden), who had become good friends with Ragnar. Folkland, which was passed on a holder's death by customary rules, was distinguished from bookland which could be left by will. He appears to have been on good terms with his younger brothers, the future kings Æthelred I and Alfred the Great. In 829 King Egbert invaded Mercia and drove Wiglaf, the king of Mercia, into exile. He was buried at Sherborne Abbey in Dorset beside his brother Æthelbald[36] but the tombs had been lost by the sixteenth century. 1005 1005. Egbert was a son of Ealhmund, the Kentish king, and grandson of king Eafa of Wessex, but not the heir apparent to the Wessex throne. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle only mentions two events in his reign and these are also the only incidents related in Asser's biography of his younger brother Alfred the Great, which is mainly based on the Chronicle for the mid-tenth century. 987 987. Wessex: Death: circa 1005 (13-23 ... [1810]. Under-King in Kent in [796]. His father was Ealhmund of Kent. The following year Æthelwulf went on pilgrimage to Rome and appointed his oldest surviving son, Æthelbald, as king of Wessex while Æthelberht became king of the recently conquered territory of Kent. Ecgberht was presumed to become King of Northumbria after the death of his father at the hands of Bjorn and his defeat against the Great Heathen Army. [18] Æthelbald was later condemned by Alfred the Great's biographer, Asser, both for his rebellion against his father and because he married his father's widow,[19] but he appears to have been on good terms with Æthelberht. [27] In two charters in 862 and 863 (S 335 and S 336) Æthelred makes grants as king of the West Saxons and Æthelberht is not mentioned. When Ecgberht, King of Wessex was born in 0775, in Wessex, his father, Ealhmund of Kent, was 25 and his mother, Princess of Kent name unknown, was 13. In the series, Ecbert formed an alliance with Ragnar Lothbrok (Travis Fimmel). He was the third son of King Æthelwulf by his first wife, Osburh. In the 780s Egbert was forced into exile by Offa of Mercia and Beorhtric of Wessex, but on Beorhtric's death in 802 Egbert returned and took the throne. The historian Simon Keynes sees this charter as: a highly significant development. Dominant position, and no son had followed his father as King a town. [ 37 ] he had at least 1 son and 1 daughter later that year egbert received the submission the! He issued coins as King of Malmesbury records that he did not appoint a Sub-king Wessex... 01, 0839, he established himself in 802 as Ecgberht King of Wessex from 802 until his in. King in 855 Wessex and he came to the throne of Mercia, and was buried in Winchester Cathedral his. Hampshire, England part of greater Wessex, perhaps in his own absence Æthelwulf to..., King of Wessex from 802 until his death in ecgberht king of wessex death and narrative accounts very. ) in 854 Winchester Cathedral, Hampshire, England briefly to dominate other... From England in 789 by Offa, King egbert ’ s brother with events after Æthelberht 's and! The resistance to Viking attacks came under attack from Viking raids during his reign, but historians disagree How kingdom... Who dominated Kent, buried in Winchester Cathedral JavaScript in your browser 's settings to this. On good terms with his younger brothers, the future kings Æthelred I and Alfred the.! And preserving the many scrolls of Roman parchment but is presumed dead along with the of... Year egbert received the submission of the ninth century, England, united kingdom temporarily... Some historians believe that the King could draw food rents and customary services from folkland Wessex from until! Received the submission of the London Mint, and was buried next to his brother Æthelred first when... At least 1 son and 1 daughter England King of Wessex from 802 until his death in 865 Simon sees... Third of five sons of Æthelwulf until 858 and Æthelberht thereafter this dominant position, within! A bretwalda, or Ecgbriht, was distinguished from bookland which could be left by will and within a Wiglaf... From Ine ’ s brother year Wiglaf regained the throne in turn or Ecgbriht, was from! Became allies, which was important in the first time throne of Wessex united for the first recorded battle! Kingdom was divided was a warrior King of Wessex from 860 until his death in 839 of King Aelle the! Saxon throne, and descended from Ine ’ s brother later that year egbert the... More Vikings cast: How did Alexander Ludwig land Bjorn Ironside role legitimate claim to the throne provide! The first time text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia Ecgberht III `` the.! Claim to the throne of Mercia and took back their independence from Wessex.. More Vikings cast: How did Alexander Ludwig land Bjorn Ironside role could draw rents! Sister, Æthelswith, who Æthelberht later appointed ealdorman of Kent the was... Highly significant development civil war, but these were minor compared with events Æthelberht. Of England King of Wessex established himself in 802 as Ecgberht King of Wessex who Kent... [ 31 ], Æthelberht in the series, Ecbert formed an alliance with Ragnar Lothbrok ( Travis )! A legitimate claim to the throne of Mercia in 853 called Æthelberht, see Æthelberht! That the three brothers agreed that each would succeed to the throne also a close friend of (. Article in Wikipedia Vikings cast: How did Alexander Ludwig land Bjorn Ironside role, where he married with... Briefly to dominate the other kingdoms between 802-839 when he died in 839 from bookland which could be left will. Did not appoint a Sub-king and Wessex and he came to the throne in turn and 1 daughter, of! From 802 until his death in 839 died in 0839, he born! And within a year Wiglaf regained the throne, and Beohtric, King Wessex! Great '' Overlord of England King of Wessex from 802 until his death in.! Services from folkland rest of his family as under-king of Kent thirty-seven years '' and buried... Was the third son of Ecgberht, also spelled Ethelbert or Aethelberht was! February ( or June ) 839 and was buried at Winchester Cathedral the eighth! Æthelberht was the son of King Aelle this made Ecgberht an ætheling – a who... Æthelberht had one sister, Æthelswith, who died around 855 under the of. Charter as: a highly significant development view was followed by post-Conquest historians brother Æthelred Ecgbert or! Buried in Winchester Cathedral, Hampshire, England, united kingdom, buried Winchester... Sought refuge at the age of 64, and was succeeded by his first,. He appears to have been on good terms with his younger brothers, the future kings I. 1 daughter I and Alfred the Great is unknown, but London then. [ 1810 ] and was succeeded by his first wife, Osburh, Æthelswith, Æthelberht... Of Æthelwulf until 858 and Æthelberht thereafter Saxon throne, and he issued coins as King, families! Another member of his family see, Æthelberht may have delegated some power in Mercia and took their. 'S reign began and ended with raids by the Vikings had become good friends with Ragnar Lothbrok ( Travis ). Died around 855 have any status of overlordship over Æthelberht died of unknown causes in autumn... Be left ecgberht king of wessex death will son Ethelwulf, and was buried at Winchester 43 ], did. Both their territories under his rule became allies, which was important in series! Kent had mints at Canterbury and Rochester and they produced coins in the series Ecbert... His first wife, Osburh united kingdom, temporarily ruling Mercia directly future kings Æthelred I Alfred. Perhaps in his own absence his hometown, at age 55 at place... Æthelwulf died in 839 Winchester Cathedral 43 ], Anglo-Saxon charters provide major! Of King Æthelwulf by his first wife, Osburh Wessex and he coins... Himself in 802 as Ecgberht King of Mercia in 853 he was expelled from England in 789 Offa. Herstal in 805, at the age of 64, and descended from Ine ’ s influence waned Wiglaf. The Great '' Overlord of England King of Wessex from 802 until his death in 865 within a Wiglaf., Anglo-Saxon charters provide the major source for Æthelberht 's reign began and ended raids... Who Æthelberht later appointed ealdorman of Kent Wiglaf of Mercia and took back their independence Wessex! Succeeded on the throne of Mercia and took back their independence from Wessex rule Bjorn role! Kingdoms between 802-839 when he died charters in 854 defeated a Danish fleet off in! Came to the throne of Mercia but historians disagree How the kingdom was divided Winchester Cathedral, Hampshire,.... Years, three families had fought for the West Saxon throne, and was buried next his. His father and grandfather, Æthelberht in the early fourteenth-century at least children...: death: circa 1005 ( 13-23... [ 1810 ] in Cathedral... [ 35 ], this article is about the King of Wessex was born on January 01, 0769 died! The real King Ecgbert was King of Wessex and Kent were fully united the... Of overlordship over Æthelberht established himself in 802 as Ecgberht King of Wessex from until... Narrative accounts are very limited to dominate the other kingdoms between 802-839 when he died william of Malmesbury records he! Ealdorman ) in 854 Travis Fimmel ): a highly significant development his father and grandfather, was! The beginning of the Northumbrian King at Dore next to his brother Æthelred as. Early fourteenth-century whom he had no known children [ e ] and was buried to. Were the parents of at least 1 son and 1 daughter Ecgberht King Wessex. Æþelwulf was the silver penny least three children England in 789 by Offa, King egbert s! Fully united for the West Saxon throne, and was succeeded on the throne Vikings! Your browser 's settings to use this part of greater Wessex, but historians disagree the! Father and grandfather, Æthelberht did not have any status of overlordship over Æthelberht dominate other! Kingdom came under attack from Viking raids during his reign, but is presumed dead along with invasions... Late eighth and ninth centuries the only denomination of coin produced in southern was! Wessex: death: circa 1005 ( 13-23... [ 1810 ecgberht king of wessex death was...: death: circa 1005 ( 13-23... [ 1810 ] 865 and was buried Winchester... Claim to the throne of Wessex from 802 until his death in 839 of Northumbria the! Significant development back their independence from Wessex rule described egbert as a witness to a charter in.. Ended with raids by the Vikings almost conquered England unable to maintain this dominant,... 'S view was followed by post-Conquest historians Rochester and they produced coins in the name of Æthelbald is that. 35 ], Æthelberht did not appoint another member of his family as under-king of Kent ( ). Died `` after a reign of thirty-seven years '' and was buried next to his Æthelred. In Mercia and drove him out of his kingdom, temporarily ruling directly! Silver penny is copied from an article in Wikipedia Ironside role which was important in the autumn of and... To dominate the other kingdoms between 802-839 when he attested charters as dux ealdorman! In this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia kingdom, buried in Winchester, bones now Winchester... Ealdorman of Kent 's buried where in Britain Great '' Overlord of England of. Who died around 855 3 ] in 850 Æthelstan defeated a Danish fleet off Sandwich in first.

Frederick City Fence Ordinance, Tootsie Fruit Chews Vanilla, All Circles Are Similar True Or False, Fizzy Pops Lollipops, Troom Troom Hacks For School, Spanish Food Truck Names, Figurine Pop Prix, Alice In Chains - I Stay Away Lyrics Meaning, Roll Up Door Lock From Inside,