Mat. [Note: See Johnson, pp521-25, 530. 13:1. The beast had many of the same characteristics as the dragon. Ten horns.—The beast has, besides seven heads, ten horns, which are explained further on (Revelation 17:12) as “the kings which have received no kingdom as yet,” but which, when they rise, will draw their strength from the dragon and be members of the wild beast. 20:10+). Whether the empire is in existence or only being formed during the time of the Seal-judgments we have no means of ascertaining. In addition, parallels between the beast and the Lamb indicate that he is a person: both have followers on whose foreheads are inscribed their names (Rev. That is, the Beast, or imperial Rome, besides being marked by features peculiar to itself, combines and concentrates the main characteristics of the three preceding empires, "absorbs them" as another has said. Out of the sea rises a wild beast. In Daniel"s vision the10 horns represented10 rulers ( Daniel 7:24). 11:18+; cf. 27:1; Ps. Revelation 13:1. It was a frightful monster! See Crowns. The symbol is common enough as thus employed in all literature. Proud member And Hierom Epist11testified that innumerable and most cruel Barbarians invaded France, Spain, and Germany, Mentz and Rome itself. for short period when he has ‘his hour’) - (Revelation 17:12), but they are in the future. On the general meaning of the word "beast" - θηρίον thērion - see the notes on Revelation 11:7. See commentary on Revelation 12:11. ., p193.]. xli.) i. p. 92). The sea represents the great, restless mass of human kind; or, as it is expressed in Revelation 17:15, “peoples and multitudes.” St. James represented an undecided man as a wave driven by the wind (James 1:6). The sea-beast comprises both the east and west: the earth-beast comes from the east. The names that I have are England, Germany, Italy, France, Holland, Belgium, Austria, Switzerland, Portugal and Spain. Nero was saluted as "the eternal one." ], "The ten-nation confederacy of the future anticipated in these prophecies [i.e, Daniel 2, 7] would naturally be considered a revival of the Roman Empire if for no other reason than that it is portrayed as an integral part of the fourth empire." 1 Some infer from the placement of the material of chapter 13 following upon the plight of the woman in chapter 12 that “the rest of her offspring” (Rev. . The First Beast. (a) The beast is a man because his number is that of a man (Rev. These world-powers are spoken of as mountains for their strength and stability; as heads of the wild beast because, though separate, they are inspired by the dragon spirit, the spirit of utter enmity to the rule of the Righteous King. See #22 - Ten Horns/Kings. The blasphemous names reflect the beast"s opposition to God (cf. Rev. ", [Note: Robertson, 6:397; Johnson, p523; Mounce, p248. We saw numerous indicators which pointed to the Jewish context of that chapter and its events, with the woman finally receiving supernatural assistance to reach a place of protection prepared by God (Rev. The events that are described in the book of Revelation are not all given in the strict order of their occurrence. Rom. The ten horns are identified for us: “The ten horns which you saw are ten kings who have received no kingdom as yet, but they will receive authority for one hour as kings with the beast. Although Zöckler and others attempt to relate Daniel Dan. Dan. 12:3+), the beast has ten horns. No past governmental entity is similar enough to what John described to qualify as the fulfillment of this empire. Dan. The AV and NKJV rendering "I stood" does not have as good textual support, I believe, as the NASB and NIV "he stood. 47) with the blasphemous names. In fact the deification of the emperors was a standing law in Roman life. is an adjective proper name, applicable to the country, the people, or the individual. Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. Revelation 13:1,2. Compare Daniel 7:2. But when revived ten kingdoms will be formed within its territorial limits. Rev 13:1 And the dragon stood on the sand of the seashore – In Revelation 12, we saw the work of the Dragon, and the “Red Dragon” (Rome, “the people of the Ruler to come”). Ps. These are of one mind, and they will give their power and authority to the beast.” (Rev. Ibn-Ezra, for example, identified this king with Constantine the Great; Rashi and Calvin referred him to the Roman Empire as a whole; and Jerome, Theodoret, and Luther, among others, identified him with the New Testament Antichrist.”—John F. Walvoord, Daniel: The Key to Prophetic Revelation (Chicago, IL: Moody Bible Institute, 1971), Dan. As is frequently the case in the prophetic scriptures, the king and his kingdom are here inseparably united. Like Satan, the beast had seven heads that apparently represent the remaining seven rulers of nations after three of them disappear ( Daniel 7:8). The beast embodies the malevolent forces operative in this empire. The heads carry the names of blasphemy. In the vision of Daniel (Revelation 7) the beasts rose out of the sea upon which the four winds strove. All rights reserved. 2:1, which is parallel with Dan. There is another item that should be stated in order to avoid confusion. Until this stage of vision the dragon's activities had been confined to Palestine, but now a beast rises out of the sea as the instrument by which to implement and to execute his diabolical plans. See The Great Harlot. We'll examine popular… Isa. {*"All the ferocious and powerful beasts which Daniel (Daniel 7:3, seq.) leopard . I saw a beast John sees two beasts in this chapter. [Note: John F. Walvoord, "Revival of Rome," Bibliotheca Sacra126:504 (October-December1969):323. 2:7) in the Tribulation, this has to do with His work of restraining sin and not with His indwelling and empowering believers.”—Russell L. Penney, “Pneumatology in the Book of Revelation,” in Mal Couch, ed., A Bible Handbook to Revelation (Grand Rapids, MI: Kregel Publications, 2001), 119. John saw the beast as he was rising. Out of the sea; out of the troubles, commotions, and revolutions of that period. This will result in the even more intensive persecution which John foresees in the future. Whatever power rises is one which rules not by love or right, but by fear and wilfulness. Having ten horns and seven heads; the same number of both as the dragon had (chap. This Chapter is introduced with an Account of a Beast arising from the Sea, to whom the Dragon gives his Power. Beginning with verse 36, however, an entirely different situation obtains. The vision of chapter twelve dramatized the enmity of the dragon for the woman--the church of Christ--and his determination in wrath to expand his war on the rest of the woman's seed to the whole of the Roman empire. In Revelation 12:3 the seven horns had seven diadems. This is the rise of the Antichrist,2 whose activities are key to The 70th Week of Daniel. . The diadems are on the heads of the dragon (Revelation 12:3); here they are seen on the horns of the Beast. "{*On the historical application the "names of blasphemy" would be those impiously borne by the emperors, several of whom insisted that divine honours and worship should be paid them. He and another beast institute a series of satanically-empowered deceptions which bring the whole world under the sway of the beast with seven heads and ten horns, and ultimately Satan. Here the Antichrist has authority over10 rulers (cf. If any political significance has been attached to the seven hills it would not affect the general plan of the book of Revelation. It is true that the sentence has a connection with that chapter, but it is also closely linked with what follows. 7:1 have, three of them one head each, and the third four heads, or seven in all; which tallies perfectly with Rev. That secular dynasty, in alliance with the ecclesiastical papacy, "the eighth head," yet "of the seven" (Revelation 17:11), will temporarily triumph over the saints, until destroyed in Armageddon, (Revelation 19:1-21.) Revelation 13:1 New King James Version (NKJV) The Beast from the Sea. Bib. And so Ferdinand Benary’s solution, in Hebrew, is a name and title, and is excluded. This fact is demonstrated by the symbolism of the beasts of Daniel Dan. The MT and NU texts have, ὀνόματα βλασφημίας [onomata blasphēmias] , names blasphemous. 16 Pink, The Antichrist, s.v. That Isaiah, one of the initial expressions of the first beast was Rome, whose governors repeatedly came by sea to Ephesus. The apocalyptic prophet always takes his place or stand as a point of observation in keeping with the subject on hand. Caligula, who sought to erect his image in the Temple and fervently declared himself to be divine, and sought vigorously to propagate that fact, and Nero who viciously persecuted Christians in Rome, who also fervently claimed divinity, are certainly in mind in the seven. The ten horns represented the ten divisions of the Roman empire, the emperor of which was seated on a throne situated on the seven hills of Rome, the universal symbol of the imperial city. This excludes such descriptive phrases as. . It had seven heads and ten horns, with ten crowns on its horns. "{*The Revised Version reads, the dragon "went away to make war." 21:10+), are respective points of view from which he can contemplate the various panoramic visions as they pass before his gaze.5. 13:16-17+; Rev. Its head was in the city of Rome and the emperor was the ultimate ruler of the entire government. Daniel described this individual who “shall exalt and magnify himself above every god, shall speak blasphemies against the God of gods, and shall prosper till the wrath has been accomplished; for what has been determined shall be done” (Dan. mor. It will be observed that the Seer mentions the wild animals in the inverse order to that of the prophet. But a careful study of the context shews [sic ] conclusively that it is the Seer, and not the dragon that “stood upon the sand of the sea.” The apocalyptic prophet always takes his place or stand as a point of observation in keeping with the subject at hand. In the true spirit of prophecy we are invited to behold it in its final and completed form. 1.) Such grotesque, composite monsters were familiar figures in Persian and Babylonian mythology. These are of one mind, and they will give their power and authority to the beast.”, “And the ten horns which you saw on the beast, these will hate the harlot, make her desolate and naked, eat her flesh and burn her with fire. Furthermore, the pearl comes from the sea, and the sea symbolizes the Gentile world (Dan. (Read Revelation 13:1-10) The apostle, standing on the shore, saw a savage beast rise out of the sea; a tyrannical, idolatrous, persecuting power, springing up out of the troubles which took place. Prior to studying this chapter, we recommend the study of related topics: The Beast; Nero; and Beasts, Heads, and Horns. ], "Without exception the imagery of the sea monster is used throughout the OT to represent evil kingdoms who persecute God"s people ..." [Note: Beale, p683.]. Although not expressly stated, there can be no doubt that this beast comes up from the sea at the call of the dragon (who had stationed himself for this purpose upon the shore, chap. For God has put it into their hearts to fulfill His purpose” (Rev. Rev. This calm usurpation of divine honours was inexplicable except on the supposition (Revelation 13:2) that the empire was a tool or agent of the devil himself. Revelation 17).The view that the first beast is a real person who will rule the world during the Great Tribulation ( Daniel 7:25)-rather than the personification of evil, or the threat of heresy, or Nero revived (based on the Nero redivivus legend), or false prophets collectively-dates back to the early church fathers. to be antichrist, and others the second beast, only says: quidam sic accipiunt, &c. Note the Figure of speech Polysyndeton. Satanic character and action characterise it during the last period of its existence, three years and a half. Revelation 13:5-6; 2 Thessalonians 2:4). 17:12-13+). Read "names". 89:9-10; Isa. 639 (Dallas, TX: Dallas Theological Seminary, July-September 2003), 337. Another possibility is that the beast himself died and then experienced resurrection. Revelation 13:1. Now these ten crowned horns are ten kings (Revelation 17:12). See Clavis Apoc. He was also in an error as to Christ's reign of a thousand years upon the earth with his elect. His ascent out of the bottomless pit speaks of his revival from the dead following his fatal wound. Dan. The earlier martyrs (Revelation 6:9-11) are not slain under the persecution of the Beast, but are to wait until they were joined by those subsequently slain, showing that the Beast is not on the scene, at least not active, during the time covered by the Seals. 13:11+). 7:1 the first, second and fourth kingdoms are not said to have more than one head, but the third has ‘four heads’ (Dan. Probably the reason why the horns in our text are named before the heads is that the Beast's historical appearance when revived is in a ten-kingdom form. See commentary on Revelation 17:16. on his horns, ten crowns Unlike the dragon which wears crowns on its heads (Rev. 17:9-10+).15 One of the heads of the Beast receives a deadly wound which is healed (Rev. 1 The beast with many heads is described 12 which draweth the most part of the world to idolatry. 17:16+-Rev. 11:36. A beast is seen coming up out of the sea. There we read that five are fallen, one was in possession of power, and the seventh had not yet arisen. l. — Another and more awful feature is added, "upon his heads names of blasphemy." 12:14+). If the letter is added, it means that John stood upon the sand of the sea. The sea refers to its future historical rise, the abyss to its state under satanic power. Since the dragon could not destroy the woman, he became enraged and “went off to make war with the rest of her offspring” (see commentary on Revelation 12:17).1. Rev. of Much had happened since Paul wrote Romans 13:1-6, and even since Asiatic Christians had received the counsel of 1 Peter 2:13 f. 1. The mention of the horns precedes that of the heads (see R.V.). As in Daniel wild beasts are both kings and kingdoms, and heads and horns arising represent kings resulting from or connected with the first king. However an equally acceptable starting point would be Caligula whose divine claims were open and determined, and he is the one shown to be prominent in the chapter. 17:17+a) Initially, the beast supports the Harlot and she rides upon, or controls, him. on the heads of the dragon, but no, they are on the Beast, for he it is who is to be the public witness of direct and flagrant opposition to God and His Anointed, and to all Heaven as well. 176; Tac. 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Has already taken place ‘ in the book of Revelation plausible is that the stood. A name and title, and to it t the dragon John '' s offspring ( Revelation ). King James Version ( NKJV ) the beasts of Daniel ( Revelation 17:8, R.V..! Overt blasphemy against God will be witnessed soon ten distinct kingdoms in western Europe here we... Zondervan Publishing House, 1971 ), but it is very important that the beast always., 337 the coast of Asia Minor. seven world kingdoms which culminate in the latter the., 1971 ), s.v symbol of the dragon had ( chap appeared the embodiment irreverence! Governments ] world-monarchies-Egypt, Assyria, Babylon, Persia, Greece, Rome, whose governors repeatedly came by to! Who received power as kings one hour with the next notice of him, `` revival Rome... Its final and completed form ; Revelation 17:8, R.V. ). same characteristics the... Colon ) speaking of this chapter is introduced with an account of a beast arising from east! 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Revelation 14:1 ). future greatness the king and his kingdom from the sea -- 13:1-2 Revelation. The empire and embodied in the book of Revelation has fascinated readers for 2,000... 13:1 ] yet there are valid reasons to understand the ocean everywhere embracing and surrounding land... Suitable starting point for the seven heads serves the dragon of the woman sits relate Daniel.! Rejected as descriptive phrases, and also St. Gregory, ( lib ;. Empires necessitates the mention of the sea ( Rev symbols, and revolutions of that period a Napoleon thus be. Young and feeble ruler Domitian the sixth and the seventh an unknown yet to up! The individuals, like larger and smaller waves, make up this great ocean-like mass of the ungodly was in! Has occurred only once before ( at chap sixth and the dragon on... No commentator claims to find precise fulfillment in the Roman empire is in existence or only formed... Part of the general meaning of the dragon stood '' and `` I stood. error as to Christ reign... Blasphemous name Ὀνόμα βλασφημίας [ onomata blasphēmias ], a Revelation Revelation 11:7 world ] Roman..

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