Its elevation is the highest among the major cities of India.[14]. 50% of Bangalore's air pollution caused due to dust – Bangalore", "Whitefield is most polluted area in Bangalore", "36% diesel vehicles exceed national limit for emissions: Study", "C40: 35 CITIES UNITE TO CLEAN THE AIR THEIR CITIZENS BREATHE, PROTECTING THE HEALTH OF MILLIONS", "Slum dwellers rehoused Bangalore – The SoftCopy", "By 2020, Bangalore will be a full-fledged concrete jungle", "IT employees get nod to set up trade union in Karnataka", "Bangalore third richest city in country", "IT in India: Big successes, large gaps to be filled", "Opportunity and exploitation in urban labour markets", "Biocon in drug development talks with Bayer", "Airports Authority of India: Traffic statistics – Passengers (Intl+Domestic), Annexure IIIC", "Airports Authority of India: Traffic statistics – Aircraft movements (Intl+Domestic), Annexure IIC", "Passenger traffic tops 9.3m at Bangalore airport", "All of Bangalore Metro Phase-1 will be up and running from June 18", "Cabinet clears 29.62-km Nagawara–Kempegowda International Airport line", "New train between Bengaluru and Mangaluru", "Bangaloreans begin to bond with the sleek Swedish behemoths", ", Bangalore Bus Information, City Buses, Volvo Buses, Tata Marcopolo Buses, Long Distance Buses", "KSRTC's Tamil Nadu-bound buses to ply from Shantinagar", "Lonely Planet's Best in Travel: top 10 cities for 2012 – travel tips and articles", "Bangalore most vegan-friendly city in India", "International cuisine pushes retailers' margins", "History, they wrote at Bangalore Literature fest", "Exhibition of Cartoons by Shekhar Gurera", "You know music is in Bangalore's DNA, bands tell why", "Pre-schools work on developing multiple intelligence", "Bangalore a hot destination for foreign students", "Trimester system in all Karnataka schools from 1 June", "What will happen to government schools now? Bannerghatta National Park, near Bangalore, Karnataka, was founded in 1970 and declared as a national park in 1974. [89]—a relatively low proportion when compared to other cities in the developing world such as Mumbai (50%) and Nairobi (60%). [174][175], Biannual flower shows are held at the Lal Bagh Gardens during the week of Republic Day (26 January) and Independence Day (15 August). Ascendas has been actively involved in ITPB since its inception in 1996 and has been a lead partner in the Singapore consortium that owns 47 per cent of the ITPL. [194] Notable bands from Bangalore include Raghu Dixit Project, Kryptos, Inner Sanctum, Agam, All the fat children, and Swaratma. Bangalore's international cricket stadium is the M. Chinnaswamy Stadium, which has a seating capacity of 55,000[235] and has hosted matches during the 1987 Cricket World Cup, 1996 Cricket World Cup and the 2011 Cricket World Cup. [1] It includes the 450,000 square foot Park Square Mall, several sporting arenas and the Vivanta by Taj hotel. [34] In 1926, the labour unrest in Binny Mills due to demand by textile workers for payment of bonus resulted in lathi charging and police firing, resulting in the death of four workers, and several injuries. Taxis, commonly called City Taxis, are usually available, too, but they are only available on call or by online services. Bangalore experienced rapid growth in the decades 1941–51 and 1971–81, which saw the arrival of many immigrants from northern Karnataka. It is managed by Ascendas. Residents of Bangalore are referred to as "Bangaloreans" in English and Bengaloorinavaru or Bengaloorigaru in Kannada. It was a significant turning point in the history of Bangalore as it bears the earliest reference to the name 'Bengaluru'. It was formerly called Bangalore International Airport. [100], Other native communities are the Tuluvas and the Konkanis of coastal Karnataka, the Kodavas of the Kodagu district of Karnataka. Cubbon Park Bangalore. [171] Bangalore is sometimes called as the "Pub Capital of India" and the "Rock/Metal Capital of India" because of its underground music scene and it is one of the premier places to hold international rock concerts. Bangalore is known as the "Garden City of India" because of its greenery, broad streets and the presence of many public parks, such as Lal Bagh and Cubbon Park. [47] The British found Bangalore to be a pleasant and appropriate place to station their garrison and therefore moved their cantonment to Bangalore from Seringapatam in 1809 near Ulsoor, about 6 kilometres (4 mi) north-east of the city. Especially during Sundays when the gates are closed to regular traffic. Plays are organised mostly by community organisations, but there are some amateur groups which stage plays in Kannada. [132], Bangalore generates about 3,000 tonnes of solid waste per day, of which about 1,139 tonnes are collected and sent to composting units such as the Karnataka Composting Development Corporation. It was formed in 2007 by merging 100 wards of the erstwhile Bangalore Mahanagara Palike, with seven neighbouring City Municipal Councils, one Town Municipal Council and 110 villages around Bangalore. The fort was originally built by, The Vikasa Soudha, situated adjacent to the, Bangalore Metropolitan/City Population section of, Mysore: A Gazetteer Compiled for Government by B. L. Rice p.224, Bangalore Metropolitan Region Development Authority, fourth or fifth-most productive metro area, Bangalore Water Supply and Sewerage Board, fourth- or fifth-most productive metro area, Krantiveera Sangolli Rayanna Railway Station, Bengaluru Metropolitan Transport Corporation, Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation, List of educational institutions in Bangalore, Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations, International General Certificate of Secondary Education, University Visvesvaraya College of Engineering, International Centre for Theoretical Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, Indian Institute of Management, Bangalore, Institute of Finance and International Management, International Institute of Information Technology, Bangalore, University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore, Bangalore Medical College and Research Institute, Sri Jayadeva Institute of Cardiovascular Sciences and Research, M. S. Ramaiah University of Applied Sciences, Vydehi Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, M. P. Birla Institute of Fundamental Research, List of twin towns and sister cities in India, "How the 'Silicon Valley of India' is bridging the digital divide", "Is the Next Silicon Valley Taking Root in Bangalore? Bannerghatta National Park has located about 22 km from Bangalore city and is a major tourist attraction in Bangalore. [68] Bangalore receives 800 million litres (211 million US gallons) of water a day, more than any other Indian city. Subsequently, the British Wesleyan Mission established the first English school in 1832 known as Wesleyan Canarese School. Kempe Gowda referred to the new town as his "gandubhūmi" or "Land of Heroes". [37] Veera Ballala III had appointed a civic head at Hudi (now within Bangalore Municipal Corporation limits), thus promoting the village to the status of a town. [134] The city suffers significantly with dust pollution, hazardous waste disposal, and disorganised, unscientific waste retrievals. [184], The cartoon gallery is located in the heart of Bangalore, dedicated to the art of cartooning, is the first of its kind in India. Elections to the council are held once every five years, with results being decided by popular vote. On Sundays the park is closed to vehicles, so you will need to enter from the MG Road entrance, turn right and park along the road behind the High Court. [105], Kannada is the official language of Bengaluru, but the city is multi-cultural. The Residency of Mysore State was first established in Mysore City in 1799 and later shifted to Bangalore in 1804. Today, there are around 10,000 Anglo-Indians in Bangalore. [115], The Bangalore City Police (BCP) has seven geographic zones, includes the Traffic Police, the City Armed Reserve, the Central Crime Branch and the City Crime Record Bureau and runs 86 police stations, including two all-women police stations. [231], Namma Wifi is a free municipal wireless network in Bangalore, the first free WiFi in India. On 10 September 2020 the term of the BBMP council ended and Gaurav Gupta was appointed as the administrator of BBMP. People from other states have migrated to Bangalore. [62] In 1985, Texas Instruments became the first multinational corporation to set up base in Bangalore. [61] Bangalore experienced a growth in its real estate market in the 1980s and 1990s, spurred by capital investors from other parts of the country who converted Bangalore's large plots and colonial bungalows into multi-storied apartments. [13] Located in southern India on the Deccan Plateau, at a height of over 900 m (3,000 ft) above sea level, Bangalore is known for its pleasant climate throughout the year. Bengaluru is known as the garden city, and Cubbon Park is one of the main reasons. [193] The two main music seasons in Bangalore are in April–May during the Ram Navami festival, and in September–October during the Dusshera festival, when music activities by cultural organisations are at their peak. Kempe Gowda I's successor, Kempe Gowda II, built four towers that marked Bangalore's boundary. Other languages such as English, Telugu, Tamil, Hindi, Malayalam, Urdu are also spoken widely. A consortium of Singapore companies then joined forces with the Tata Group to take on the project. Though Bangalore has no commuter rail at present, there have been demands for a suburban rail service keeping in mind the large number of employees working in the IT corridor areas of Whitefield, Outer Ring Road and Electronics City. [165] While commuters can buy tickets on boarding these buses, BMTC also provides an option of a bus pass to frequent users. It was created as a result of a joint venture between India and Singapore in January 1994. [144], With an economic growth of 10.3%, Bangalore is the second fastest-growing major metropolis in India,[145] and is also the country's fourth largest fast-moving consumer goods (FMCG) market. In 2002 a portion of the park, became a biological reserve, the Bannerghatta Biological Park.It is a popular tourist destination with a zoo, a pet corner, an animal rescue centre, a butterfly enclosure, an aquarium, a snake house and a safari park. [169], An average of 1,250 vehicles are being registered daily in Bangalore RTOs. [149] Bangalore's IT industry is divided into three main clusters – Software Technology Parks of India (STPI); International Tech Park, Bangalore (ITPB); and Electronics City. Victoria Hospital was inaugurated in 1900 by Lord Curzon, the then Governor-General of British India. Location of Bangalore in Karnataka, India, Bangalore Fort in 1860 showing fortifications and barracks. Isa sa mga pinakamabenta namin sa Bangalore Situated in Bangalore, 13 km from Forum Mall, Koramangala, Zone By The Park Electronic City features accommodation with a restaurant, free private parking, a fitness centre and a bar. Some of the flyovers and one-ways mitigated the traffic situation moderately but were unable to adequately address the disproportionate growth of city traffic. The two urban settlements of Bangalore – city and cantonment – which had developed as independent entities merged into a single urban centre in 1949. [26] The Begur Nageshwara Temple was commissioned around 860, during the reign of the Western Ganga King Ereganga Nitimarga I and extended by his successor Nitimarga II. Select an option below to see step-by-step directions and to compare ticket prices and travel times in Rome2rio's travel planner. The growth of IT has presented the city with unique challenges. [78], With a population of 8,443,675 in the city and 10,456,000 in the urban agglomeration,[8][7] State-of-the-art technology and amenities for commerce, leisure and relaxation makes THE Park Bangalore an ideal choice for guests for business, leisure or a weekend retreat. Drama companies touring India under the auspices of the British Council and Max Müller Bhavan also stage performances in the city frequently. Rome2rio is a door-to-door travel information and booking engine, helping you get to and from any location in the world. Between the fourth and the tenth centuries, the Bangalore region was ruled by the Western Ganga Dynasty of Karnataka, the first dynasty to set up effective control over the region. [180], Bangalore did not have an effective contemporary art representation, as compared to Delhi and Mumbai, until recently during the 1990s, several art galleries sprang up, notable being the government established National Gallery of Modern Art. Some of the professional institutes in Bengaluru are: Some famous private institutions in Bangalore include Symbiosis International University, SVKM's NMIMS, CMR University, Christ University, Jain University, PES University, Dayananda Sagar University and M. S. Ramaiah University of Applied Sciences. [135] The IT hub, Whitefield region is the most polluted area in Bangalore. Road, Brigade Road, and other locations. [55] In 1912, the Bangalore torpedo, an offensive explosive weapon widely used in World War I and World War II, was devised in Bangalore by British army officer Captain McClintock of the Madras Sappers and Miners. Bangalore is a divisional headquarters in the South Western Railway zone of the Indian Railways. Taxis are metered and are generally more expensive than auto-rickshaws. International Tech Park commonly called ITPL and ITPB is a tech park located in Whitefield, Bangalore, 18 km from the city centre. [147] The city is the third largest hub for high-net-worth individuals and is home to over 10,000-dollar millionaires and about 60,000 super-rich people who have an investment surplus of ₹45 million (US$630,900) and ₹5 million (US$70,100) respectively.[148]. The Someshwara Car festival is an annual procession of the idol of the Halasuru Someshwara Temple (Ulsoor) led by the Vokkaligas, a major land holding community in the southern Karnataka, occurring in April. The Park was the first of its kind with the work-live-play environment to be built in India and has since become a role model for other IT Park-like projects in the country. Bengaluru, India. [234] A significant number of national cricketers have come from Bangalore, including former captains Rahul Dravid and Anil Kumble. [229] This Internet service was, however, restricted to corporates until VSNL started offering dial-up internet services to the general public at the end of 1995. [176][177], The diversity of cuisine is reflective of the social and economic diversity of Bangalore. [35] The Chokkanathaswamy temple at Domlur, the Aigandapura complex near Hesaraghatta, Mukthi Natheshwara Temple at Binnamangala, Choleshwara Temple at Begur, Someshwara Temple at Madiwala, date from the Chola era. [91], Bangalore suffers from the same major urbanisation problems seen in many fast-growing cities in developing countries: rapidly escalating social inequality, mass displacement and dispossession, proliferation of slum settlements, and epidemic public health crisis due to severe water shortage and sewage problems in poor and working-class neighbourhoods. 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