Born into an affluent family, Hassan Fathy studied Western architecture at university in Cairo. First of all, the plan of the village is drawn along a north-south axis which allows to take advantage of the shadows of the buildings on the streets all day long. “Architectural form should consider the forces in nature of wind, rain, even how an earthquake shaking it would make it fall in a pattern that follows the geological formation of a mountain,” he once wrote. Hassan Fathy, Building With the People in New Gourna, La Description de l’Égypte: Antiquités, Volume IV. The Organization for Desert Development estimated that it has the capacity to continuously irrigate about 1000 acres of land. On the other hand 61% of the remaining Hassan Fathy structures areirreversibly altered, since buildings have been severely modified to the extent that they cannotbe retrieved to their original condition.In regards to architectural significance, the survey identified 9 architecturally significantbuildings (15% of the total number of remaining Hassan Fathy structures), which include … Hassan Fathy, born in 1900 in Alexandria, Egypt, was an Egyptian architect, artist and poet who had a lifelong commitment to architecture in the Muslim world. Connecting Communities for a Sustainable World. He was a cosmopolitan intellectual, with knowledge of Western and Eastern literature and philosophy, absorbing the influences of very different traditions. 1 “In which material shall we build? . The brick is, in fact, the only material used in his works. The supporting walls are made either of sun dried bricks made of mud and reinforced with straw (adobe), or of local stones, or fired bricks. See more ideas about architecture, vernacular architecture, architect. Based on the structural massing of ancient buildings, Fathy incorporated dense brick walls and traditional courtyard forms to provide passive cooling. HASSAN FATHY, an Egyptian architect, has taught on the Faculty of Fine Arts in Cairo and served as head of its architectural section. Hassan Fathy (1900-1989) is arguably the most widely known and influential Egyptian architect of the 20th century. All of the buildings here are built from the earth of which they stand, in the form of either adobe or, as in most cases, baked mud bricks. In short, he builds modest and basic constructions for traditional Arab communities. But also the Rasha/Taka, a small opening at an upper level of a wall or the Shuksheika, the vented or fenestrated lantern over the main hall. Essentially, mud brick exemplified a low-tech, low-energy approach, the material being sun-dried rather than expensively fired in kilns. The Vernacular Architect of the Egyptian Architect, Hassan Fathy, Accessible and safe technique for maintenance and use of humanure and urine from a dry toilet, ecovillages as transdisciplinary sustainability “classrooms”, Ecological Economics thesis: “Livelihood options in ecological communities”, Tesis sociológica: Formas de organización social de la Ecoaldea “X”, Sociological thesis: Organizational forms of the “X ecovillage”, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. As a solution-based, multi-stakeholder alliance, GEN provides information, tools, examples, and representation to the expanding global network dedicated to demonstrating principles and practices of sustainability in their lifestyles and communities. By using an almost unique material in a hostile universe, he multiplies the architectural devices in order to build naturally ventilated buildings, to create a community that can work in the middle of the desert, and this at a lower cost using vernacular inspired architecture. The intention to accommodate several families, to build them a village at low cost, while wishing to federate the community logically guided the choice of the architect for Hassan Fathy. Mar 13, 2020 - This Board Celebrates the Life + Work of the Great Hassan Fathy. The orientation and size of the streets of this village, built according to the winds, was also a theme that Fathy took up in his natural ventilation system in New Baris. Only a few buildings were constructed such as the market (55x45m), the building in charge of the district administration (30x40m), the outer shell of the museum and the social center, and a few villas. While the use of vaults and domes was originally due to Fathy’s choice of mud bricks as his main construction material, at this point in his career the employment of these forms was so assimilated into his architecture that he used them in different contexts and with different materials. It is a very economical material, which allows a wide variety of uses. The Global Ecovillage Network is a registered charity: SC043796 and has consultative status in the UN – ECOSOC. The community buildings essential to the village are also subject to the same considerations of traditional ventilation. We can develop or innovate on the design concept of a project, but on the other hand, I believe that the philosophy of Hassan Fathy in architecture is already entire, and one can only try to understand it more and more. The supporting walls are made either of sun dried bricks made of mud and reinforced with straw (adobe), or of local stones, or fired bricks. There are many ways you can support GEN with your time and energy. The market, the Suk, is the active heart of the community. For the dwellings, a continuous ventilation system is set up, they are gathered around courtyards (Sahn/Hosh system), and integrate different architectural systems such as the Taktaboosh, a covered outdoor sitting area at ground level. Dethier points out that Fathy had in fact spent the 1930s working in reinforced concrete, following a Western and international modernist approach. Nevertheless, Hassan Fathy’s constructed and theoretical work in New Baris is remarkably intelligent. Hassan fathy 1. During his lifetime, Hassan Fathy attained international fame and was a dominant, if controversial, figure in Egyptian architecture. Hassan Fathy was an Egyptian architect (1900-1989) who very quickly freed himself from the neoclassical teaching that was the rule for architects of the time. However, there is also a strong community and social dimension to Hassan Fathy’s projects. Nevertheless, Hassan Fathy’s constructed and theoretical work in New Baris is remarkably intelligent. He has received the Union of International Architects Gold Medal, the Egyptian Government's National Prize for Arts and Letters, and the Aga Kahn Award for Architecture. Subscribe to our monthly Newsletter to keep up to date with the latest news and happenings in ecovillages and their allies around the globe. Fathy utilized ancient design methods and materials. It then decided to set up a farming community to occupy this isolated land. When he builds it is often for peasants, reproducing their traditions and rites at the risk of sometimes falling into a kind of paternalism. Jan 9, 2021 - Explore Alaa Gaber's board "hassan fathy" on Pinterest. Required fields are marked *. In 1963, a large water source was discovered 60 kilometers south of the Kharga Oasis. With the triple principles of the spatial and environmental systems derived from the buildings in Old Cairo, the logic and economy of using mud brick and knowledge of the Nubian techniques of building in that material firmly in place, Fathy was ready to embark on a new phase of his career. He trained local inhabitants to make their own materials and build their own buildings. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Hassan Fathy (b. Egypt, 1899; d. 1989) Hassan Fathy was born in Egypt in 1899. Basic building blocks of Fathy’s design Mud is used in its most common style i.e., ... Safeguarding project of Hassan Fathy’s New Gourna Village, 2011. Hassan Fathy (March 23, 1900 – November 30, 1989, Egyptian Arabic: حسن فتحي ‎) was a noted Egyptian architect who pioneered appropriate technology for building in Egypt, especially by working to reestablish the use of adobe and traditional mud construction as opposed to western building designs, material configurations, and lay-outs. All these natural passive ventilation systems are part of a global strategy of ventilation and humidification. 11 Leïla el-Wakil (ed. After graduation in 1926 he was shocked by the very poor state of village people, but he did not feel at all that it was suitable either economically or aesthetically to improve it with European modern architecture using iron and concrete. Hassan Fathy was an Egyptian architect, artist, and poet who had a tremendous impact on generations of architects and planners. In his lifetime he designed more than thirty projects including several villages for the poor. Your donation helps to support and to spread ecovillages around the world. building. While other architects were seeking fame and fortune, Hassan Fathy saw the genius of incorporating traditional design and building materials. Your email address will not be published. All his life Hassan Fathy has wanted to use the architectural language of his country to rekindle the people’s faith in their culture. Egyptian architect Hassan Fathy died in 1989 but left behind a legacy of 160 building projects ranging from small projects to large-scale communities complete with mosques and schools. The substantial volume combines previously unpublished drawings, personal anecdotes, interviews and photography unfolding The Global Ecovillage Network envisions a world of empowered people and communities, designing pathways to a sustainable future, while building bridges of hope and international solidarity. 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