Question 20: State the factors upon which the rate of Soil erosion depends. a. Sheet erosion or sheet wash is the even erosion of substrate along a wide area. Four sorts of soil erosion that are caused by rainfall are: Rill erosion. (i) The tropical evergreen forests grow on the windward side of the Western Ghats. Resources and development Aryavarta Giri. Free PDF Download of CBSE Class 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 1 Resource and Development Multiple Choice Questions with Answers. 2021 Zigya Technology Labs Pvt. Sheet erosion occurs on gentle slopes. Gully Erosion. Sheet erosion is widely observed in clusters 1 2 7 10 and 13 however only 20. Sheet erosion occurs when a thin layer of topsoil is removed. Answer: (i) Khadar soil is sandy and of pale brown complexion, while bhangar soil is of clayey composition and dark in colour. CBSE Class 10 Geography Resource and Development SAQ . ICSE Solutions for Class 10 Geography – Soils in India. For instance the field which is freshly ploughed is the major victim of sheet erosion. Photo by John A. Kelley, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service If this photo is used in a publication, on a web site, or as part of any other project, please use the provided photo credit. erosion class [A group of similar erosion conditions, or a charateristic combination of erosion conditions, such as moderate sheet erosion, at a specified time.Used as part of the land information given on a soil conservation survey map] Erosionsklasse f, Abtrag(ungs)klasse, Ausnagungsklasse This leads to soil erosion. Contains four review sheets covering the concepts below. Therefore, annual rainfall is 129.2 cm. 27. Find videos, notes and more@learnfatafat.com What is the name given to the climate of India? When there is a heavy downpour of rain the soil is removed by water flowing along definite paths down the slope in chan agree to the. Rarely seen but accounts for large volumes of … (ii) Soil conservation: Preventing soil erosion by taking various measures such as plantation of trees, strip cropping and contour ploughing is known as soil conservation. Sheet erosion occurs on gentle slopes. Give geographical reasons for each of the following: (i) Kanpur has extreme temperature conditions. (iii) Khadar is the new alluvium and is more fertile than bhangar because new layers of this soil are deposited year after year during the monsoon floods. If the answer is not available please wait for a while and a community member will probably answer this Types of Soil Erosion : (a) Water Erosion : Water is a powerful agent of soil erosion. Watch, learn and understand Soil Erosion and Conservation, Causes of soil erosion, and soil erosion in terms of Gullies, Bad land, Sheet erosion, Wind erosion. b. Gully erosion: The running water cuts through the clayey soils and makes deep channels as gullies. Check you answers with answer keys provided. The alluvial soil which gets deposited in the upper reaches of the river is coarse and dry, while extremely fine and moist alluvial soil is deposited at the lower reaches of the river. (iii) The station lies on the south-eastern coast of India (Tamil Nadu) as the station receives maximum rainfall from the retreating monsoon. 8. The removal of the topsoil by water, wind and human activities is called soil erosion. Splash erosion. This type of erosion is known as Gully erosion. 31. Answer: (i) Khadar soil is sandy and of pale brown complexion, while bhangar soil is of clayey composition and dark in colour. Gully erosion takes place on the steep slopes of the hills. ... Sheet erosion and Wind erosion. 2m … Sheet erosion. Soil erosion is also caused due to defective methods of farming. As soil erodes, it loses nutrients, clogs rivers with dirt, and eventually turns the area into a desert. Solve free soil erosion and conservation mcq helpful for CBSe Class 10 Geography Chapter 1. 28. Answers of whats sheet erosion are solved by group of students and teacher of Class 10, which is also the largest student Wind blows loose soil off flat or sloping land known as wind erosion. Ans. Gully erosion. What is wind erosion ? (ii) Soil conservation: Preventing soil erosion by taking various measures such as plantation of trees, strip cropping and contour ploughing is known as soil conservation. Practice to excel and get familiar with the paper pattern and the type of questions. SOIL EROSION. An example of sheet erosion showing how small rocks can protect the surface of the soil from the impact of rain drops. Following are the major types of erosion caused by water. Gully erosion. disturb this balance. This is known as sheet erosion. 2m 33s; 11. Removal of topsoil from one place to another by natural agencies is called soil erosion. (ii) Kochi is warmer than Mumbai even though both lie on the western coast of India because the former is located close to the Equator and receives direct rays of the Sun throughout the year. ii. Gullies erosion: Gully erosion occurs when runoff water accumulates, and then rapidly flows in narrow channels during or immediately after heavy rains or melting snow, removing soil to a considerable depth. 1. Get a free home demo of LearnNext . Sheet erosion. It is because India lies in the tropical belt, and its climate is deeply influenced by the monsoon winds. (i) Southwest monsoon winds bring heavy rainfall to Cherrapunji. This results in the loss of the organic matter and nutrients since the top layer of the finest soil particles are lost. Sheet erosion occurs as a shallow 'sheet' of water flowing over the ground surface, resulting in the removal of a uniform layer of soil from the soil surface. Q.50. Sheet Erosion Types :- 22. The splash of raindrops on the soil picks up little soil particles and moves them in the splash of the water (Fig. This is known as wind erosion. It can be a very effective erosive process because it can cover large areas of sloping land and go unnoticed for quite some time.Sheet erosion can be recognized by either soil deposition at the bottom of a slope, or by the presence of light - colored subsoil appearing on the surface. 4. i. b. Gully erosion: The running water cuts through the clayey soils and makes deep channels as gullies. (ii) Soil conservation: Preventing soil erosion by taking various measures such as plantation of trees, strip cropping and contour ploughing is known as soil conservation. Wind erosion occurs generally in … (iii) Khadar is more fertile than banghar. (ii) The local winds which bring a light rainfall to South India and are beneficial for tea and coffee plants are known as mango showers. 1.9).At the top of the hill slope, the overland sheet flow produces sheet erosion.Lower down the slope, the rill flow produces rill erosion, and where the rills flow together, gully erosion occurs (Fig. C.Tree planting D.Contour farming. Photo by John A. Kelley, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service If this photo is used in a publication, on a web site, or as part of any other project, please use the provided photo credit. (v) Sea-shore erosion. If left unattended, sheet erosion will gradually remove the nutrients and organic matter which are important to agriculture and eventually lead to unproductive soil. soon. A hilly area with deep channels is LIKELY to be experiencing A.sheet erosion B.gulley erosion. Sheet and Rill Erosion. In times of drought, for example, the vegetative cover of the soil withers away and the land is left uncovered. An example of sheet erosion showing how small rocks can protect the surface of the soil from the impact of rain drops. Ans. Apart from being the largest Class 10 community, EduRev has the largest solved Advertisement Remove all ads. The type of erosion in which uniform flow of water erodes the top layer of the soil is called as Sheet erosion. Sheet erosion definition is - erosion that removes surface material more or less evenly from an extensive area as contrasted with erosion along well-defined drainage … Wind and Overgrazing. (i) Name the forest which is commercially most important in India. Wind erosion occurs generally in … Hillsides are more prone to gullying when they are cleared of vegetation. Sometimes, water flows as a sheet over large areas down a slope. ICSE Geography Previous Year Question Paper 2008 Solved for Class 10 ICSE Paper 2008 GEOGRAPHY (Two hours) Answers to this Paper must be written on the paper provided separately. Give reason for your answer. Download the PDF Sample Papers Free for off line practice and view the Solutions online. Erosion by Water. Question bank for Class 10. Deforestation, overgrazing and unscientific agricultural practices are responsible for large scale soil erosion. https://www.zigya.com/previous-year-papers/ICSE/10/Geography/2016/ICSE2016006, ICSE Class 10 Geography Solved Question Paper 2016, Class 11 NCERT Political Science Solutions, Class 11 NCERT Business Studies Solutions, Class 12 NCERT Political Science Solutions, Class 12 NCERT Business Studies Solutions, https://www.zigya.com/share/SUdFRU4xMDExNzY1OQ==. Name the following: (i) The winds that bring heavy rain to Cherrapunji(ii) The local wind that bring a light rainfall to South India and is good for tea and coffee crops. The total annual rainfall = Sum of rainfall in all twelve months.Therefore, annual rainfall is 128.7 cm. (ii) Kochi is warmer than Mumbai even though both lie on the western coast of India. Sheet Erosion. Class-10 » Social Science ... Sheet erosion: Sheet erosion involves the removal of a uniform thin layer of soil by raindrop splash or water run-off. When there is a heavy downpour of rain the soil is removed by water flowing along definite paths down the slope in chan The raindrops take away the soil which is then washed away into the nearby streams and rivers. (ii) Rill Erosion : This is the second stage of sheet erosion. Explain the two types of water erosion. (iii) In situ soil: When soil is formed at its original position by the weathering of the parent rock, it is known as in situ soil like the black soil. You can study other questions, MCQs, videos and tests for Class 10 on EduRev and even discuss your questions like The time given […] Time Tables 15. The splash of raindrops on the soil picks up little soil particles and moves them in the splash of the water (Fig. Sheet erosion, detachment of soil particles by raindrop impact and their removal downslope by water flowing overland as a sheet instead of in definite channels or rills.A more or less uniform layer of fine particles is removed from the entire surface of an area, sometimes resulting in an … It has high water retention capacity. Gully Erosion • 2.) (ii) The tropical evergreen forests grow on the windward side of the Western Ghats because this region receives heavy rainfall (above 250 cm annual). Important Solutions 2865. Harsh climatic conditions. Sheet erosion implies that any flow of water that causes the erosion is not canalized. CBSE Geography Class 10 Resource and Development VSAQ ... What is sheet erosion ? Mention any two factors responsible for such a type of climate. Four sorts of soil erosion that are caused by rainfall are: Rill erosion. You will not be allowed to write during the first 15 minutes. (ii) Name two trees which grow in this forest. 232, Block C-3, Janakpuri, New Delhi, They know that erosion can move the land through a slow process and weathering can break apart the land. Gully erosion is the process by which gullies are formed. Students can solve NCERT Class 10 Social Science Resource and Development Multiple Choice Questions with Answers to know their […] Types of Erosion are. Over a period of time, the fine rills increase in number and also become deeper and wider.

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