Sissonne may be performed petite or grande. It may be done in all directions or in a circle. A processional dance in 3/4 time with which the court ballets of the seventeenth century were opened. Contretemps (con-treh-tump) Counter beating. Fouettés are usually done in a series. A term used to indicate a movement of the torso from the waist upward, bringing one shoulder forward and the other back with the head turned or inclined over the forward shoulder. This position corresponds to the fifth position en avant, Cecchetti method, or the first position, French and Russian Schools. Fundamentally a brisé is an assemblé beaten and traveled. This sissonne is usually performed with high elevation and is done from a demi-plié on both feet and finished on one foot with the other leg raised in the desired pose, such as attitude, arabesque, à la seconde, etc. Step on the L demi-pointe behind the R foot, slightly lifting the R foot off the ground; then fall on the R foot again in demi-plié with the L foot raised sur le cou-de-pied derrire. Barre is one of the most common terms in ballet. Refers to grands battements executed continuously devant and derrire through the first position. Behind, back. En dedans (Cecchetti method): After a pirouette en dedans the working leg is extended to the fourth position derrière en l’air; then with a demi-rond de jambe en l’air en dedans the foot is brought to the front of the supporting knee. Royal. There are two principal pliés: grand plié or full bending of the knees (the knees should be bent until the thighs are horizontal) and demi-plié or half-bending of the knees. The battement at 90 degrees to the second position is taken facing upstage, then the dancer completes the turn en dedans and finishes the assemblé facing the audience. Third position (Troisième position): Large fouetté, turning. The word “Ballet” itself is French in origin, ballet is a classical dance form with flowing patterns to create expression through movement. (ah la suh-GAWND) A Terre Literally the Earth. The arms assist and the head must spot as in pirouettes. Ballonné may be executed in all the directions of the body. Can be a great tool for teaching terms to new ballet learners of ALL ages! Battement fondu developed. The exercise at the barre is usually preceded by a preparation from the first or fifth position which is done on two introductory chords. Ronds de jambe en l’air are done at the bar and in centre practice and may be single, or double, en dehors or en dedans. The disengaged leg may be crossed in the front or in the back. Indicates: (1) that a movement is to be made in the air; for example, … (See Battement tendu). In the third position one foot is in front of the other, heels touching the middle of the other foot. 09/28/2010. Ballet originated in Italy and was formalized over centuries in France, which is why most ballet terms are in French or Italian. The feet are on the same line but with a distance of about one foot between the heels. More specifically, it's a particular kind of jump in which the dancer jumps from one foot to the other. The movement may be a short whipped movement of the raised foot as it passes rapidly in front of or behind the supporting foot or the sharp whipping around of the body from one direction to another. Ballet beginners start with a less extreme turnout. See Tour de reins. The other foot then pushes away from the floor so that both knees are straight and both feet strongly pointed for a moment; then the weight is shifted to the working foot with a fondu. The body positions of classical ballet in which the limbs are turned out from the hips at a 180 angle. This direction is termed “ouvert” in the French method. Fondu on the L leg, at the same time opening the R leg to the second position en l’air. The grandes sissonnes are sissonne ouverte at 90 degrees, sissonne renversée and sissonne soubresaut. In a diagonal. This is an exercise to render the joints and muscles soft and pliable and the tendons flexible and elastic, and to develop a sense of balance. Level. Grands battements en cloche are continuous grands battements executed from the fourth position front or back en l’air to the fourth position back or front en l’air, passing through the first position. The Five Basic Positions. No dictionary terms found. Assemblés are done petit or grand according to the height of the battement and are executed dessus, dessous, devant, derrire, en avant, en arrire and en tournant. Same as battement tendu jeté (Russian School), battement glissé (French School). Demi means half (demi plié), and grande means big or large (grande plié). In the Cecchetti method, entrechats are done with the knees bent and the feet drawn up so that one foot beats against the other from the base of the calf downward. There are a number of attitudes according to the position of the body in relation to the audience:for example, attitude croisée, attitude effacée, attitude de face. Below are the seven movements that provide the basis of ballet … A direction for the execution of a step. First position (Première position): In the Russian and French Schools, the pointed toe is brought to retiré devant before extending the leg forward or to retiré derrière before extending the leg backward. To start with, it can be tricky to remember for any dancer, but soon it will become a natural part to your dancing. The movement is done en dehors and en dedans. All steps where the dancer jumps are considered allégro, such as sautés, jetés, cabrioles, assemblés, and so on. The thigh must be kept motionless and the hips well turned out, the whole movement being made by the leg below the knee. The working leg is thrust into the air, the underneath leg follows and beats against the first leg, sending it higher. Occasionally the term may refer to a lowering of the working foot from a position pointe tendue to the ground and reraising it to the position pointe tendue, as in battement tendu relevé. After a pirouette en dedans the extension is made to the second position en l’air; next the foot is brought in front of, then in back of, the supporting. When a glissade is used as an auxiliary step for small or big jumps, it is done with a quick movement on the upbeat. Beating. Pliés are done at the bar and in the centre in all five positions of the feet. Pirouettes are performed en dedans, turning inward toward the supporting leg, or en dehors, turning outward in the direction of the raised leg. Stretched. The direction of the body is effacé with the body inclining backward or forward with each change of weight. In the Russian school the term relevé is also used to mean the slow raising of the stretched leg to 90 degree in any direction. This is essentially a male dancer’s step although contemporary choreographers use this tour for girls. A term used to describe a lowering of the body made by bending the knee of the supporting leg. Today quatrième position croisée is done with the feet placed as in the fifth position, parallel and separated by the length of one foot, instead of the third position. A term of the Russian School. This sissonne finishes on two feet with the working foot gliding along the floor into the demi-plié in the fitth position. Arabesques are generally used to conclude a phrase of steps, both in the slow movements of adagio and the brisk, gay movements of allégro. On the half-points. Try out some basic ballet positions and steps here or experience ballet for yourself with classes for all ages, including adult beginning ballet classes. • … The forms of arabesque are varied to infinity. The thigh should also be held horizontal so that the pointed toe of the working foot passes at (approximately) the height of the supporting knee. It is performed en avant, en arrière, de côté, en tournant and is done with a développé or a grand battement at 90 degrees. Indicates that a step is to be done traveling in a diagonal direction. Used to indicate that a given step is executed moving forward, toward the audience. The petites sissonnes are sissonne simple, sissonne fermée, sissonne ouverte at 45 degrees and sissonne tombée at 45 degrees. In a pas de deux, the ballerina on point holds her pose and is slowly turned by her partner who walks around her holding her hand. Caper. Battements tendus may also be done with a demi-plié in the first or fifth position. Exercises on port de bras can be varied to infinity by combining their basic elements according to the taste of the professor and the needs of the pupil. A jump from one foot to the other in which the working leg is brushed into the air and appears to have been thrown. Développés are performed à la quatrième devant, à la seconde and à la quatrième derrière and may be executed in all directions of the body. Glissade is a terre à terre step and is used to link other steps. If the développé is at 45 degrees, the working leg opens from sur le cou-de-pied. The art of using the face and body to express emotion and dramatic action. Turn in a walk. Battement stretched. This step consists of coupé dessous and coupé dessus performed in a series with a rocking, swinging movement. A barre is a horizontal bar that is either fastened to walls or free standing that dancers use for additional support to perform exercises. I have invited some amazing local students to help me in this project. In steps and exercises the term en dedans indicates that the leg, in a position à terre or en l’air, moves in a circular direction, counterclockwise from back to front. As, for example, in assemblé dessous. Note: In all jumping movements the tips of the toes should be the first to reach the ground after the jump, then the sole of the foot followed by the heel. Meaning ‘to bounce’, it refers to ease and lightness in jumps, describing their quality instead of height. Rocking step. Fifth position R foot front (L hand on bar, R arm in second position). Under. In steps and exercises the term en dehors indicates that the leg, in a position à terre or en l’air, moves in a circular direction, clockwise. A term of the Cecchetti method. Six crossings. This is the dancer’s “attention.” The arms form a circle with the palms facing each other and the back edge of the hands resting on the thighs. Demi-plié and push off the floor into the air, turning en dehors (to the right). Indicates that the working foot passes in front of the supporting foot. Ballet Terminology is like another language in the dance world. Ballet Movements. A big leap forward preceded by a preliminary movement such as a pas couru or a glissade, which gives the necessary push-off. A bending of the knee or knees. This fouetté may also be executed from a preparation starting with a pas de bourrée en dedans and finishing with a coupé dessous, opening the working leg to quatrième devant. Large battement like a bell. Although the positions of the feet are standard in all methods, the positions of the arms are not, each method having its own set of arm positions. The arms are held en attitude with the raised arm being on the same side as the extended leg. The supporting foot may be à terre, sur la pointe or sur la demi-pointe. It is based in French and there are hundreds of terms, definitions and details for every single step or move you do in ballet. to bend (standing leg or legs) - either demi (half) or grand (big), heels come off the floor in grand plié in all positions except second, stretched or held - brush foot along the floor until pointed, from a closed position to an open position, (thrown) brush a tendu a little harder until leg/foot comes up off floor to about 45 degrees (aka dégagé). This is performed in the same manner as battemen fondu simple(q.v). It is the basis of the allegro step, the jeté. If an assemblé is en tournant it must be preceded by a preparatory step. This is a progression on the points or demi-pointes by a series of small, even steps with the feet close together. Fondu on the L leg, at the same time extending the R leg to quatrième position devant en l’air (croisé devant). The “Sun King”, King Louis XIV of France, began the first school of dance. Changements are springing steps in the fifth position, the dancer changing feet in the air and alighting in the fifth position with the opposite foot in the front. The leg is in contact with the floor. A step of beating in which the dancer jumps into the air and rapidly crosses the legs before and behind each other. Stand on the R leg facing corner 2 in the second arabesque à terre. Relevé on the L point or demi-pointe, sweeping the R leg to the second position en l’air, and execute a tour en dehors, bringing the R foot to side and front of L knee. Battements dégagés strengthen the toes, develop the instep and improve the flexibility of the ankle joint. Struck battement. Same as piqué tour en dedans. If the développé is at 90 degrees, the working leg is brought from sur le cou-de-pied to retiré, that opens in the desired direction as the supporing knee straightens. It is traveled directly to the side, on a diagonal traveling upstage, in a circle, etc. See Plié. Closed sissonne. Ballet terms are French (a few are Italian) because the French were the first to codify ballet technique. See Tour lent. Same as pas de bourrée suivi. After a series of 8 or 16 turns, grande pirouette is usually concluded with multiple pirouettes sur le cou-de-pied. Click here to study/print these flashcards. Indicates that the working foot passes behind the supporting foot. It’s a form of ar... Merce Cunningham Dance Analysis Having done Cunningham technique it is posible to notice obvious similarities between ballet. There is a great variety of fouettés: petit fouetté, which may be devant, à la seconde or derrire and executed à terre, sur la demi-pointe or sauté; and grand fouetté, which may be sauté, relevé and en tournant. You just join in, repeating each clip as often as you need. Forward. Big open sissonne. Petit jeté is done dessus, dessous, en avant, en arrière and en tournant. In this position the feet form one line, heels touching one another. Used to indicate that a step is to be made to the side, either to the right or to the left. They are done petit and grand. In the Russian and French Schools the raised leg finishes sur le cou-de-pied devant or derrière and the brisé volé is done like a jeté battu. It is the finalé of a ballet where the principal dancers perform impressive jumps and turns. Through common usage the term has become abridged to développé. Each of the positions utilizes turn-out, or a 90-degree rotation of the leg from the hip joint. Tossed. A complete A-Z glossary of ballet language used to define steps in class. Fifth position (Cinquième position): The Cecchetti method uses five principal arabesques; the Russian School (Vaganova), four; and the French School, two. This product contains 99 flashcards of basic ballet terminology and their definitions. As, for example, in sissonne fermée en vant. The term port de bras has two meanings: (1) A movement or series of movements made by passing the arm or arms through various positions. Cat’s-step. Chased. The jump is done on the foot which is thrown forward as in grand battement at 90 degrees, the height of the jump depending on the strength of the thrust and the length of the jump depending on the strong push-off of the other leg which is thrust up and back. Petits battements are executed with the supporting foot à terre, sur la demi-pointe or sur la pointe. Both legs come to the ground simultaneously in the fifth position. The body should rise at the same speed at which it descended, pressing the heels into the floor. Indicates: (1) that a movement is to be made in the air; for example, rond de jambe en l’air; (2) that the working leg, after being opened to the second or fourth position à terre, is to be raised to a horizontal position with the toe on the level of the hip. Pricked pirouette. Plié is one of the most basic steps in ballet; it’s the first thing most ballerinas learn right… Tendu. Execute a pirouette en dehors on the L leg. Also, the final dance of the pas de deux, pas de trois or pas de quatre. A step of low elevation performed to a quick tempo. Échappés may also be done en croix. Title. Turnout is when the legs are rotated from the hips so that both the feet and knees are turned outward. Fondu on the L foot, extending the R leg forward again. As, for example, in battements tendus en croix. They are done with the supporting foot flat on the ground, on the demi-pointe, full point or en fondu. Ronds de jambe en l’air may also be done with the leg extended to the second position en l’air (demi-position) and closed to the calf of the supporting leg. In the grand plié in the second position or the fourth position ouverte (feet in the first position but separated by the space of one foot) the heels do not rise off the ground. The turn may be performed either en dedans or en dehors. This jeté is done in all directions and in a circle. Arms in ballet are called “bra.” When moving the arms from one position to the next it is called “port de bra.” Here are some basic arm positions. It may also be done in a series. When a grand plié is executed in either the first, third or fourth position croisé (feet in the fifth position but separated by the space of one foot) or the fifth position, the heels always rise off the ground and are lowered again as the knees straighten. As, for example, échappé sauté. Throwing step. to bend (standing leg or legs) - either demi (half) or grand (big), heels come off the floor in grand plié in all positions except second Click again to see term 1/36 Assembled or joined together. This turn is executed either en dedans or en dehors). Jumped, jumping. Quickly close the legs and beat the calves of the legs together, open slightly to the side, and come to the ground in demi-plié in the fifth position R foot back. Whipped circle of the leg turning. which has little épaulement. Entrechats are counted from two to ten according to the number of crossings required and counting each crossing as two movements, one by each leg; that is, in an entrechat quatre each leg makes two distinct movements. These are the positions that your teacher will use. A term of the French School used to indicate that the dancer turns slowly in place on one foot by a series of slight movements of the heel to the required side while maintaining a definite pose such as an arabesque or attitude. In the Russian School, ballotté is performed traveling forward on ballotté en avant and backward on ballotté en arrire to the place from which the first jump began. Ballon is the light, elastic quality in jumping in which the dancer bounds up from the floor, pauses a moment in the air and descends lightly and softly, only to rebound in the air like the smooth bouncing of a ball. Copyright 2020 Ballet Theatre Foundation, Inc. American Ballet Theatre and ABT are registered trademarks of Ballet Theatre Foundation, Inc. Escaping or slipping movement. ; Adagio: “Slow tempo.”In ballet, a tempo in which the dancer moves slowly and gracefully. Open, opened. Here you will find many ballet terms defined for you! On the “upbeat” the R foot is drawn in an arc to the fourth position back (the head turns forward) and the dancer begins a series of ronds de jambe à terre en dehors. Sissonne is named for the originator of the step. Fifth position R foot front. During the jump the body turns in the air to the left and the L leg is thrown out (the legs almost come together and appear to interlace), passes the R in the air and finishes in the back at 90 degrees. The next balancé will be to the left side. When performing a développé to second position, the front foot is brought to retiré devant and then extended, or the back foot is brought to retiré derrière and then extended. A Polish folk dance in 3/4 time which has been introduced into a number of ballets as a character dance. Effacé is also used to qualify a pose in which the legs are open (not crossed). In each case échappés are done to the second or fourth position, both feet traveling an equal distance from the original center of gravity. Dance along with the clips and then read the guide to discover all the background know-how you need about all the basic moves, steps and positions. The landing is made on the R leg in demi-plié in the first arabesque facing corner 2, on the spot from which the jump began. Demi-plié and, with a little spring, open the feet to the second or fourth position sur les pointes. Relevé on the L point or demi-pointe, executing a tour en dehors and whipping the R foot in back of, then quickly in front of, the L knee. Glissade may also be done sur les pointes. Like a bell. Low 5 th Position: (5 en bas) Hands hold a nest. Sign up here. The Russian School (Vaganova) has a preparatory position and three standard positions of the arms. Second position (Seconde position): This fouetté may be done on demi-pointe, on point or with a jump. Both knees must be kept straight. Execute a pirouette en dehors on the L leg. They are done dessus, dessous, en avant and en arrire. The French School has a preparatory position and five standard positions. See Jeté en tournant en avant, grand (Cecchetti method). Both legs must be kept perfectly straight and all movement must come from the hip, along with the arching and relaxing of the instep. Fifth position R foot front. In the air. There are six glissades: devant, derrière, dessous, dessus, en avant, en arrière, the difference between them depending on the starting and finishing positions as well as the direction. The arms should hang quite loosely but not allowing the elbows to touch the sides. Épaulement gives the finishing artistic touch to every movement and is a characteristic feature of the modern classical style compared to the old French style. Understanding the basic positions is a great place to start when beginning … As, for example, in assemblé en tournant. If the échappé is done in the second position the R foot may be closed either front or back. A traveling step in which the dancer turns in the air with one foot drawn up to the knee of the other leg. A beating action of the extended or bent leg. In rising from the ground the foot moves in the reverse order. A term of the French School. The landing is then made on the underneath leg. In raising the arms from one position to another the arms must pass through a position known in dancing as the gateway. A term applied to steps or enchaînements executed in a circle. The French School terms this step “faux entrechat cinq ramassé”. A position in which the thigh is raised to the second position en l’air with the knee bent so that the pointed toe rests in front of, behind or to the side of the supporting knee. Glide. (French pronunciation: ​[balɑ̃se]; "balanced") A rocking sequence of three steps—fondu, relevé, fondu (down, up, down)—executed in three counts. The step is usually done in a series either en manège or en diagonale. Indicates that the body is to turn while executing a given step. Grand jeté is always preceded by a preliminary movement such as a glissade, pas couru or coupe. This website has been made possible by Karen Phillips and Infor. Change of feet. It may also be done backward with the leg raised either croisé or effacé devant. This use of the eyes while turning is called “spotting.” Pirouettes may be performed in any given position, such as sur le cou-de-pied, en attitude, en arabesque, à la seconde, etc. Whipped. lt is a turn in the air in which the dancer rises straight into the air from a demi-plié, makes a complete turn and lands in the fifth position with the feet reversed. Step although contemporary choreographers use this tour for girls termed “ changement ”... Facing the audience feet with the R arm in second position during the jump the term indicates that the look... The knee at an angle of 90 degrees, sissonne renversée and sissonne soubresaut start. 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