More than 37,000 kilometres of waterways connect hundreds of cities and industrial regions. PreserveArticles.com is an online article publishing site that helps you to submit your knowledge so that it may be preserved for eternity. The following is the text of a news release from the Waterways Council Inc. (WCI): (WASHINGTON) — Waterways Council Inc. has developed a series of videos aimed at educating audiences about the importance of inland waterways infrastructure and of the Navigation and Ecosystem Sustainability Program (NESP). How to the aeroplanes help us in flood and famine . To facilitate transport of marble from the quarries for the building of the Milan cathedral, the canal was linked with an old moat, and in Italy the first pound lock with mitre instead of the earlier portcullis gates was constructed to overcome differences in water level. Corrections? India has about 10 major seaports and about 160 small seaports along its coastline. 5. On both sides of it have developed heavy industries which benefit from cheap water transport. The most spectacular canal of this period was probably Nahrawān, 400 feet wide and 200 miles long, built to provide a year-round navigation channel from near Sāmarrāʾ to Al-Kūt, using water provided by damming the unevenly flowing Tigris. Outstanding were the Ling Canal in Kuangsi, 90 miles long from the Han capital; Changan (Sian) to the Huang He (Yellow River); and the Pien Canal in Honan. In Europe, canal building, which appears to have lapsed after the fall of the Roman Empire, was revived by commercial expansion in the 12th century. In order for a waterway to be navigable , it must meet several criteria: A few more elaborate gates had to be raised by windlasses. Brief notes on the Inland Water Transport and Ocean or Sea Transport available in India. The National Waterway 4 lies on the Kakinada-Pondicherry stretch of Canals and the Kaluvelly Tank, … The “Importance of inland waterways to U.S. agriculture” study addresses the connection between the inland waterways and the competitiveness of U.S. agriculture in global markets. Centuries ago our ships have been sailing to the Eastern and Western countries for trade. In the 1st century ce the Roman consul Marcus Livius Drusus dug a canal between the Rhine and Yssel to relieve the Rhine of surplus water, and the Roman general Corbulo linked the Rhine and Meuse with a canal 23 miles (37 km) long to avoid the stormy North Sea passage from Germany to the coast. It is the second largest shipping country of the world. Inland waterway transport plays an important role for the transport of goods in Europe. PreserveArticles.com: Preserving Your Articles for Eternity. The ships sail from India to other countries in the world. To highlight the importance of the river industry to our region, I invited Representatives Jason Smith of Missouri and David Kustoff of Tennessee to join me in Paducah for a meeting with industry The ships sail from the places along the coast called seaports. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Before publishing your Article on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Surprisingly advanced techniques were used, including a dam with sluice gates allowing regulation of the flow of the water stored. Thus, it is hardly surprising that modernized inland waterways, using the latest navigational aids and traction methods and traversing the great landmasses of North America, Europe, and Asia, play an increasingly important economic role. Moreover, the cost of operation of the inland water transport is very low. Waterways are an important mode of transport for both passenger and cargo traffic in India. Canals and inland waterways, natural or artificial waterways used for navigation, crop irrigation, water supply, or drainage. Please select which sections you would like to print: While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. One section, crossing the Shantung foothills, was in effect the first summit-level canal, one that rises then falls, as opposed to a lateral canal, which has a continuous fall only. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Department of Agriculture (USDA) released a new study that quantifies the importance of the inland waterways system to the U.S. economy, specifically U.S. ag. 3. 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