Although Egypt has seen relatively robust economic growth (typically hovering between 3 and 5 percent), the gains for growth have not kept pace with the country’s many challenges, particularly the growing youth population. In May, the European Union spokesperson decried the wave of arrest of human rights defenders in the country. The Muslim Brotherhood was the best-organized opposition party. At time of writing, the government had yet to adopt by-laws required for implementation. Any interruption to the Egypt’s agricultural food supply has the potential to be extremely destabilizing. Both court systems are inherently abusive and do not meet minimum due process standards. On May 9, activist Amal Fathy posted a video on her Facebook page in which she spoke about the prevalence of sexual harassment in Egypt and criticized the government’s failure to protect women. According to some analysts, Egypt is on track to reach a threshold of “absolute water scarcity” by 2030.50 Climate changes, particularly higher temperatures, are expected to shorten growing seasons and reduce agricultural yields in Egypt.51 Large amounts of water are also lost through evaporation every year, something that climate change will make worse.52 This is not to mention pollution damage to the Nile, which is widespread.53, Climate change is also associated with rising sea levels that have the potential to damage Egypt’s ecological situation. In 2014, the Egyptian government rolled out an online portal for people to register for treatment, and in the last few years, more than 1.6 million Egyptians have received Hepatitis C treatment.47 The Egyptian government has been working with Gilead Sciences to offer Hepatitis C treatment in Egypt at a fraction of what it costs in the United States.48 In addition, in 2017 Egypt’s Ministry of Health also initiated a new nationwide screening program for Hepatitis C.49 The government’s ability to make tangible progress on Hepatitis C treatment is encouraging and suggests the state has the capacity to implement large-scale social interventions under the right conditions. The last ten years have seen forms of political disruption within Egypt that were virtually unimaginable a decade ago—from the 2011 protest uprisings; the 2012 election of Muslim Brotherhood candidate Mohammed Morsi to the Egyptian presidency; the 2013 coup d’état which unseated Morsi; and the 2014 formal assumption of power by current Egyptian president Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, Egypt has witnessed a period of staggering political change. And from a demographic perspective, many of the same challenges that Egypt faced a decade ago—like a large youth population struggling with relatively high rates of unemployment—continue to be relevant concerns today. The Arab Republic of Egypt or \"Egypt\" for short, is one of the most historically rich countries in the world. In November, President al-Sisi ordered the law revised but the government did not announce a timeline for such revision. Few analysts would disagree with the statement that demographic circumstances and technological developments played a crucial role in sparking and sustaining the popular movement that set this chain of events into motion. At least 817 protesters were killed in one day, in what most likely amounted to a crime against humanity. Since 2015, Egyptian government has announced several … NOTE: 1) The information regarding Egypt on this page is re-published from the 2020 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency and other sources. In September 2018 alone, a Cairo Criminal Court handed down 75 death sentences, in a mass trial, stemming from the Raba’ dispersal events in August 2013. Egyptians, both rich and poor, enjoy sweet beverages including sugared tea and soft drinks. In the years since Morsi’s overthrow, Egypt has witnessed increasingly autocratic tendencies under the leadership of President al-Sisi. November 3, 2020. Global geopolitical tensions, particularly in the Middle East, along with the domestic political situation, play a major role in discouraging investment, and make it difficult to predict significant developments in investment flows. For example, Egyptian classroom densities are commonly in excess of one hundred students, and a large percentage of eighth grade students do not meet basic literacy standards.39, Economists who have explored these issues in great depth suggest that Egypt’s crisis of youth opportunity relates specifically to the lack of upward mobility for middle-class Egyptians.40 While overall measures of inequality of opportunity may have declined in Egypt over time, the fortunes of those born into the middle class have become increasingly similar to those born into lower-class families. Authorities arrested dozens of people who peacefully protested in May in response to increases in Cairo’s subway fare prices. Parallel to the obesity epidemic, Egypt is also struggling with high rates of Hepatitis C infection. Your gift helps advance ideas that promote a free society. Both issues have been publicly flagged by President al-Sisi, who has stated that Hepatitis C and chronic diseases were major threats to the health of the Egyptian people. In February of 2019, the Egyptian parliament endorsed a process to hold a referendum likely to allow al-Sisi to extend his rule until 2034, further entrenching his personal rule and military rule in Egypt, more generally.15, Political stability in Egypt is a function of a complex set of factors, not all of which are in the hands of the government or the opposition. Their team of dedicated experts supports you in case of queries or problems. 1. More. community of supporters in The problem Egypt faced in 2011 was that although the old regime had been overthrown, it wasn’t clear what would replace it. In February, the army announced a new campaign against militants of the ISIS-affiliated group known as Sinai Province. As Egypt’s population has increased, growth has put a strain on infrastructure. Poverty rates in Egypt have increased over the past 15 years to reach 27.8 per cent in 2015, a report published by UNICEF last month has shown. Join the Hoover Institution’s Email; Print; Tweet; Share; Share Real GDP growth reached 5.6% in FY19, up from 5.3% in FY18. From an institutional perspective, Egypt remains an autocracy with a political regime undergirded by a powerful, economically-influential military. Prosecutors continued to use detainee confessions despite credible allegations they were coerced through torture. Photos of young men with Italian girlfriends, sporting expensive clothing and shoes, circulate to friends and relatives, leading some villages to be emptied of young men.34. Up from 5.3 % in FY19, up from 5.3 % in FY18 water supply, disrupting production! 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